Why Earth Is A Prison and How To Escape It

by birtanpublished on September 27, 2020

We are prisoners on earth the universe taunts us by showing us all the places we can't ever visit however if our species wants to have a long-term future we have to escape our prison but what's keeping us here in the first place turns out we owe the universe a debt

That is 4.5 billion years old everything with mass in the universe attracts every other thing with mass we call this phenomenon gravity the closer you are to a big chunk of mass the stronger the attraction or the more you're pulled in

This effect traps us on earth we can imagine this as being prisoners in a gravity prison or a gravity well it's not a literal wealth but a handy concept to understand how this works being in a gravity prison means that you Oh gravity

Energy but how can you Oh energy because in our universe things don't want to change their speed or direction to convince them to move you have to expend energy billions of years ago the gravitational attraction of trillions of

Trillions of dust particles orbiting our Sun pulled them together until they formed a planet this process used energy and created the gravity well we're now a part of the deeper you are inside a gravity well the more energy you Oh

Gravity if you don't find a way to get enough energy you're not able to leave no matter what you do because your atoms were once part of the dust that the universe expended energy on to get to this place okay hmm

Let's summarize all of that again objects in the universe don't like to move you have to convince them to do so with energy gravity used energy to convince the parts that make up our planet to move to get

This created a gravity prison in the process trapping us to escape it we need to repay it with energy okay how do we do that to get into space we need to go through a complicated process of exchanging energy for this purpose we

Build a negative potential energy repaying machines known by their more boring name Rockets Rockets work by using some of the most energetic chemical reactions humans know about to basically explode fuel in a controlled

Way this converts chemical energy into kinetic energy the exhaust of the reaction is directed outwards and pushes the rocket away from Earth by expending a lot of energy we are increasing our gravitational potential energy which is

A complicated way to say that we're paying back our energy depth to gravity but it's actually a lot trickier than that when you burn fuel to get into orbit you lose lots of energy to heat the exhaust and atmospheric drag so you

Actually need much more and you can't just part a huge amount of radius plosive dangerous for your close to your payload and detonate it you need a controlled burn which is complicated and makes your rocket very

Heavy which means it has more mass the more mass something has the more energy you need to convince it to move so you need more fuel to lift up your rocket but if you need more fuel that means you need more rocket to carry that fuel but

This makes your rocket heavier thus requiring more fuel which requires more rocket to carry that new fuel and so on at the end of this madness you need closer to a hundred times the weight of your payload to launch arianna six for

Example the European rocket will wait 800 tonnes and should be able to transport 10 tonnes into geostationary transfer orbit or 20 tonnes into medium Earth orbit but a rocket can only produce so much thrust so there's a

Maximum weight after which it just won't take off if you add too much weight it won't lift off so you can't just build bigger and bigger fuel tanks this is the tyranny of the rocket equation and it means space

Flight will never become easy but wait it gets worse getting to space is still not good enough you're still inside the gravity prison at the edge of space and we'll crash back to earth

Staying in space is much harder than getting there to get to a stable position where it can stay for a while the rocket has to reach low-earth orbit to do this you need a lot of kinetic energy which means going extremely fast

At an altitude of about 100 kilometers this is 8 km/s 28,000 kilometers per hour fast enough to travel around Earth in 90 minutes here we can use a trick instead of flying straight up we can go sideways

Earth is a sphere so if you're going sideways fast enough even though you're falling towards Earth the ground will curve away beneath you so as long as you're above the atmosphere about 100 kilometres up you'll be able to stay up

There in orbit this is what the ISS does falling around Earth expending energy from time to time to stay fast enough if we look at orbits in scale we see that near Earth orbit is laughably close to Earth to deploy for example satellites

Or leave for other planets requires another round of energy debt repayment getting to orbit is the most difficult part of spaceflight for us right now for example if we want to send a rocket to Mars half the energy is necessary just

To get into orbit and the other half for the 55 million kilometres to Mars therefore to be as effective as possible Rockets aren't built in one giant piece instead we use multistage rockets you don't need to carry an empty fuel tank

So Rockets drop it Rockets today shed their boosters and main stage as they ascend with each successive stage being its own fully contain rocket complete with its own engine and fuel okay so this is why

Getting to space is heart if you feel all of this seems really complicated don't worry it's literally rocket science this video was made possible in part by a sponsorship by Airbus Safran launches

And arianna space who are getting their new ariane a six rocket ready to launch into space in 2020 you can learn more about the rocket here and as always if you like what we do please consider supporting us on patreon comm it really

Helps us out a lot if you're craving more space stuff now here's a playlist for you

Related Videos

hey guys techrax here coming at you guys with another giveaway this is gonna be an iPhone 5s two of these brand new phones not the one in this video guys this i...
hey guy there's a popular game in the app store called flappy bird right now and it's supposedly really annoying believe it or not I haven't played ...
hey guys tech Rex here so right here with me I have an Apple iPhone 5s this is the gold one I also have with me some liquid nitrogen yes this is the real deal a...
hey guys techrax here right here I have the iPhone 5s with me this is the champagne or the gold color I still can't really figure out if it's champagne ...
hey guys tear cracks here so this video really exciting video I have the new Samsung Galaxy s5 for you guys this is the long-awaited cellular devices releases i...
everyone techrax here in this video I've got the latest Samsung Galaxy s5 right here as well as the Apple iPhone 5s and we're going to be doing a simple...
everyone techrax here in this video guys have a really exciting device this is the Samsung Galaxy s5 charcoal black and I'm really liking I after seeing the...
everyone techrax here here with me off the Samsung Galaxy s5 this is a perfectly fine s5 it is cracked from the drop test that I had with also one minor neck as...
hey guys tetrax here so in this video I'm going to try and burn the newly released Samsung Galaxy s5 this is the shimmering white 16 gigabyte model and if y...
everyone techrax here so I got my burn Samsung Galaxy s5 and I wanted to see whether the heartbeat sensor would still work the heart monitor on your galaxy s5 a...
hey guys Tech Rex here so I'm really excited to bring you guys a giveaway for my channel but this time I'm actually teaming up with a buddy of mine your...
hey guys techrax here so in this video I'm going to be hopefully instructing you guys how to make your very own a tech sandwich slash burger slash meal so y...
hey guys techrax here so I've got a galaxy s5 here this is the copper gold hopefully you guys can see pretty well it is sunset so it's getting a little ...
hey guys techrax here so right here with me I have a professional deep fryer in here is already some canola or corn or whatever oil I don't know vegetable o...
hey guys techrax here so just trying to make this video short and quick i'm having recently i got five hundred thousand subscribers and yeah most of you guy...
hey guys texture so in this video I have a drop test on the latest LG g3 device now this is actually the gold-coloured LG g3 this has not been released in the U...
hey guys techrax here so in this video we'll teach you guys how to make your iPhone indestructible this is essentially a case that's been around for yea...
hey guys techrax here soon in this video we had a train run over the iPhone 5s so we actually did this in two different instances initially we had a Space Gray ...
hey guys tech cracks here so in this video we're going to be dropped testing the newly released Amazon fire phone this is exclusive for AT&T and I belie...
hey guys techrax here so right here with me I have the Amazon fire phone this is the one I dropped and you know I thought what better what else do I do with thi...