Why Didn’t the Arab World Unite? (Short Animated Documentary)

published on July 19, 2020

Throughout the late 19th and early 20th centuries nationalism became a dominant force in global politics it saw many peoples including the Germans the Italians the poles the Bulgarians the Romanians and the Turks amongst many of those carve out national territories in

Which they and their people could live this was because those people saw themselves in their neighbors as being part of a homogeneous group this idea that the same people should live in a single United political entity was also

Found throughout the Middle East and expressed itself in what's called pan-arabism since this never happened the question is why not and how close did the pan-arab East dream come to fruition

Well the idea of the unified Arab world started to be taken seriously in the late 19th century in opposition to Ottoman rule during the First World War many of these Arab nationalists rebelled against the Ottoman Empire and work with

The antón powers to establish an independent Arab state the on Tom had agreed to this but after the war was over no as such Arab nationalism zame continued to be the removal of imperial powers from their lands and these

Nationalists were given outside help mostly from Egypt in Iraq it wasn't until after World War Two in the collapse of British and French rule in the region that pan-arabism really started to pick up with the cold war

Raging onwards both the USA and USSR were looking to expand their influence in the region and for many there this wasn't on because much of the pan Arabist ideology focused on removing all foreign influence from the region it was

Also at this point that the overwhelming majority of Arab leaders barring Lebanon backed the creation of an Arab state yet this alone wasn't enough and here we can learn from the unification of Germany since unification was supported by most

German leaders and the German people too yet it required several wars to achieve and the reason why is that much like Arab leaders the Germans agreed that the state should be made yet they couldn't agree on who would lead it so 1958

Arguably saw the height of Arab nationalism when two attempts were made at building an Arab state the first saw Egypt and Syria merged to become the United Arab Republic under Egyptian President Gamal Abdul Nasser the

Unification came about after the people of Syria got a big communist II thus the Syrian leadership approached NASA to unify the states and put down any potential issues there were several problems though the first was that Syria

Was mostly turned into an Egyptian colony Nia had listen to no voice in the Union and also whilst Nasser was no friend of communism he wasn't exactly protective of the business interests of Syria's leaders and after numerous

Economic reforms they decided that this was a my idea in in 1961 Siri declared its independence the second arab state of 1958 was the Arab Federation made from the merger of

Iraq and Jordan whose kings were cousins now this union went nowhere because both had wildly different interests an IVA could decide on who would be in charge not that the question mattered for long as it's Faisal the second the king of

Iraq was deposed in a coup shortly afterwards after this there was one more notable attempt in this was in 1971 when a coup in Libya place more amo Gaddafi in charge who promptly proposed a union with Egypt Sudan and Syria this was

Backed by both the leaders and peoples of these countries but it fell apart where nobody could decide on the details notably who would be in charge and ultimately it's this reason why the creation of an Arab state failed the

Public backing had always been there and the region's leaders had always pushed for the unification of the Arab world the problem was that they all thought that they were going to be the ones to lead it

Combine this with differing foreign policy goals particularly between the pro-west in Iraq and the pro-soviet Egypt and things get even more complicated and it was these outside backers who had an interest in

Preventing the unification of the Arab world since a unified Arab state would certainly have been a formidable global power and at the height of the Cold War nobody wanted the competition I hope you enjoyed this episode and thank you for

Watching with the special thanks to my patreon supporters James Bissonnette Colin Castleman danny Maloney Marvin Castle Rob Waterhouse John BJ's Mo Aaron the white Michael Reynolds James Castaneda Gustav Swan Marcus Ozma Jordan

Longley James Castaneda Gustav Swan Marcus Ozma Jordan Hong Lei Gareth Turner mr show Rashid Ali spinning three plates filled to oink-oink David Silverman Izzy Winston Cawood Maggie packs Kowski Lexi

Schwinn Spencer Lightfoot Kelly moneymaker Robert Wetzel Skye Chappell and Anthony Beckett

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