Why can’t Egypt and Ethiopia agree on the Nile dam? – BBC News

by birtanpublished on July 17, 2020

This is the Blue Nile and the dam the Ethiopia has built across it it has the potential to give millions of people electricity to transform the country and the reservoir is starting to fill downstream Egypt a country built around the Nile is furious and worried so why

Can't Evo beer in Egypt agree on the Nile dam this standoff is about water history and politics it's about who sets the rules and it's about how these nations can be Egypt's president Sisi says the Nile is a question of life a

Matter of existence to Egypt to which this is the reply needless to say the Nile is as important to Ethiopia as it is to Egypt and the Sudan are the source of livelihood and it can be developed no one doubts the wealth in the water it's

How you divvy it up let's begin with the country building this dam Ethiopia work began in 2011 these pictures are from 2018 three Theo pians this is personal they helped pay for the dam through donations and loans and the goal is to

Give electricity to more than 65 million of them who don't have it theirs is a grand ambition in the words of its late project manager to eradicate our common enemy poverty but cannot be done without creating poverty elsewhere the dam is on

The Blue Nile where most of the Niles water comes from it joins the White Nile in Sudan and from there flows north to the Nile in Egypt a country whose history and whose present intertwine with the river the vast majority of its

People live close to it and from farmers to the foreign minister Egyptians argue if the river changes everything changes there is no Egypt without water we either have water or there is no future for us decreasing our water share will

Kill us slowly a colossal project that the Ethiopian has constructed across the Blue Nile could endanger the security and very survival of an entire nation now Egypt has long had things its own way with the

Nile in 1929 Britain recognized Egypt's historical rights to the river and gave it the power to veto any future construction upstream that deal was then reinforced in 1959 favoring Egypt and Sudan

Neither of these agreements made any allowance for Ethiopia perhaps not unreasonably that still rankles the 1959 argument between Egypt and the Sudan has a portion the entire waters of the night between the two of

Them with Egypt securing the lion's share living nothing nothing for either but Egypt argues that historic agreement is still valid Ethiopia's blunts on this calling these claims the most absurd thing you ever

Heard all of which helps to explain what the Economist describes as the toxic mood in both countries it says Egyptians of caste Ethiopia as a thief bent on drying up their country in Ethiopia Egypt's portrayed as a

Neo-colonial power trampling on national sovereignty none of which sounds promising so we're left asking who can resolve this the Trump administration the UN and the African Union have all tried to mediate but there's still no

Deal and Ethiopia is not waiting for one here's the evidence this satellite image is from the end of June note the water to the right of the dam then this is mid-july Ethiopia's confirmed the reservoir is filling up now the key

Stumbling block to a deal is that Ethiopia's reluctance but a figure on how much water it will release Egypt though wants a guaranteed amount even during droughts Sudan also wants guarantees it says signing an agreement

Is a prerequisite for us before filling the dam Sudan has the right to demand it may be but Ethiopia knows it holds plenty of cards the its Maidan slogan towards Egypt and suggests Ethiopia is rather enjoying the shift in the power

Dynamic certainly Ethiopians are clips like this have been uploaded to tick you can see cups here representing Ethiopia Sudan and South Sudan they're filled with water that Egypt share is poured out and the glass wiped clean

This leaves Ethiopians with a decision whether to compromise the dam is theirs but the river isn't Egypt told the UN Security Council recently no nation is an island nation and surely Ethiopia's Prime Minister Ali Ahmed recognizes that

He helped end Ethiopia's lengthy conflict with Eritrea by compromising his political approach is often described by the amharic term metamer which means coming together rejecting dogma and promoting compromise as the

Dam continues to fill his commitment that idea is being tested if you like that report there are lots more from me and the team here on the BBC news YouTube channel

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