Understanding Type 2 Diabetes | Nucleus Health

by birtanpublished on August 17, 2020

You or someone you know may have been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes this video will help you understand what it is and why it's important to keep it under control type two diabetes is a condition in which your blood sugar level is too high

Carbohydrates are substances your body uses to make energy after you eat food that contains carbohydrates it eventually goes to your small intestine in your small intestine the food is broken down into single sugar molecules

Called glucose the cells in your small intestine soak up the sugars which pass into your bloodstream when the blood reaches your pancreas it detects the high amount of sugar in your blood normally this causes your pancreas to

Put a chemical called insulin into your bloodstream the insulin reduces the amount of sugar in your blood to a healthy level how does insulin do this as the blood moves through your body the insulin and

Sugar exit the blood stream into your tissues to reach your cells most cells have structures on their surfaces called insulin receptors when insulin flows by it attaches to the receptors the insulin acts like a key in a lock to open up the

Cell so the sugar can get inside now your cell can use the sugar to make the energy it needs to work properly and your blood sugar level drops back to its normal range

If you have type-2 diabetes your cells don't respond to insulin as they should this is called insulin resistance when this happens your insulin cannot unlock the cells to let sugar in because the locks or insulin receptors are missing

Or aren't working as a result sugar is locked out of your cells when sugar can't get into your cells it builds up in your bloodstream this is a condition called hyperglycemia

In response to the high blood sugar levels your pancreas makes more and more insulin the overworked cells in your pancreas try to keep up but they slowly lose their ability to make enough insulin these problems may

Lead to the symptoms of type 2 diabetes if you have questions about type 2 diabetes or any medications you have been prescribed speak with your doctor it is important to take your medications as directed by your doctor tell him or

Her about any side effects you have

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