Twin-to-Twin Transfusion Syndrome

by birtanpublished on September 29, 2020

you
you
if you're pregnant with twins who have
twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome blood
is passing from one twin to the other
inside your uterus your fetus receives
blood through blood vessels in the
umbilical cord connected to his or her
belly button
the other end of the umbilical cord is
attached to the placenta a temporary
organ inside your uterus
the outer layer of the placenta called
the chorion contains many blood vessels
that carry blood to and from the
umbilical cord
the fetus floats in a watery substance
called amniotic fluid
surrounding both the fee
and amniotic fluid is a thin membrane
called the amniotic sac
if you're pregnant with twins they may
share amniotic fluid because they're
both in the same sac
or each twin might have his or her own
amniotic sac
these twins may each have their own
placenta
or they might share a single placenta
sometimes when twins share a placenta
blood passes between them through the
placentas blood vessels
this rare condition is called twin to
twin transfusion syndrome or TTTS
in twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome one
twin called the recipient twin receives
too much blood while the other twin
called the donor twin receives too
little when this happens the excess
fluid and the recipient Twins blood is
filtered out of his or her body as urine
the urine passes into the amniotic sac
which makes the sac larger twin-to-twin
transfusion syndrome happens in only a
small fraction of identical twins that
share a single placenta it is also a
rare complication with triplets or any
other multiple pregnancy the cause is
not known complications that may result
from twin to twin syndrome are preterm
birth
a condition called hydrops which is
swelling of one or both of the twins
or death of one or both of the twins
in addition one or both twins may
develop cerebral palsy or other brain
impairments after birth
treatment options for twin to twin
transfusion syndrome include reduction
amniocentesis
selective laser ablation
or selective chord coagulation
if you have reduction amniocentesis a
needle will be used to drain fluid from
around the twin with excess amniotic
fluid this procedure may need to be
repeated during selective laser ablation
the blood vessels that allow blood to
pass between the twins will be sealed
off with a laser if you have selective
chord coagulation one of the umbilical
cords will be closed off with electrical
current or a laser this is performed
when laser ablation is not possible or
when one of the twins is not expected to
survive
if you have a concern about twin-to-twin
transfusion syndrome in your pregnancy
seek care at an experienced tertiary
center your obstetrician may be able to
provide you with a referral

Related Videos

you you if you're pregnant with twins who have twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome blood is passing from one twin to the other inside your uterus your fetus r...
you your heart is a muscular organ that pumps blood containing the oxygen and nutrients your body needs the pumping sections of the heart are the right atrium...
you if you have heart failure your heart has lost the ability to pump enough blood to meet your body's needs you may have weak or damaged ventricular Wall...
This video will help you understand pneumonia and how to manage your recovery please watch the entire video to learn how to manage pneumonia if you have recentl...
A series of events called the menstrual cycle happens about once every month to prepare a woman's body for pregnancy changing levels of natural chemicals in...
This video will teach you how to check your blood sugar level please watch the entire video before checking your blood sugar level learning how to check your bl...
Atherosclerosis is a life-threatening disease that may have begun to develop during childhood this condition is a process in which deposits of fatty material, c...

Cervical Cap

6 months ago
you a woman's reproductive system includes the vagina cervix uterus fallopian tubes And ovaries during vaginal sex between a man and a woman semen passes o...

Stem Cells

6 months ago
You the human body contains organs such as bones the brain heart and reproductive organs the basic cells that give rise to all of the different cells in these o...

Robotic Myomectomy

6 months ago
You if you are a woman and have uterine fibroids your doctor may recommend robotic fibroid tumor removal also known as robotic myomectomy your reproductive orga...
you this video will help you understand a heart attack and how to manage it please watch the entire video to learn how to manage your recovery if you have bee...
Any condition or disease that damages your heart's ability to pump blood can cause heart failure. For example, the most common cause is coronary artery dise...
you an undescended testicle is a condition where one or both male reproductive glands have not moved down from a baby's belly or abdomen into the scrotum n...
You the gamma knife also called stereotactic radiosurgery is a type of radiation treatment used commonly for brain tumors it may also be used for other abnormal...

Cardiac Arrhythmia

6 months ago
You depending on activity level the heart beats about 60 to 100 times per minute it may be higher during exercise or lower at rest a normal heart rate and rhyth...
You as a heart failure patient you may need to make some lifestyle changes to prevent further damage to your heart if you smoke quitting is one of the most impo...

Ovarian Cancer

6 months ago
The ovaries are the female reproductive glands. They consist of three types of cells: epithelial, germ, and stromal. When the cells in the ovaries grow abnormal...
this video will teach you how to manage and treat high blood sugar please watch the entire video before treating your high blood sugar after you eat food that ...
You this video will help you understand heart failure and how to manage it please watch the entire video to learn how to manage heart failure if you've been...

Osteoporosis

7 months ago
The skeleton is made up of bones, which provide support and shape to the body. They protect soft internal organs, such as the brain, and heart, from injury. Tog...