Treatment Options for Prostate Cancer

published on August 3, 2020

You or someone you care about may have been diagnosed with prostate cancer this video will help you understand some of the main treatment options available prostate cancer is a type of cancer that forms in a man's prostate gland

Most prostate tumors grow slowly compared to other types of cancer you and your doctor will decide your treatment based on several factors these factors include the grade and stage of your cancer

Your health and medical history and your age there may be other factors that are important to you and your family the treatments for prostate cancer may include active surveillance

Prostatectomy surgery radiation therapy hormone therapy and immunotherapy active surveillance means frequent doctor visits to closely monitor any growth or changes in your prostate during these visits your doctor will

Feel your prostate by inserting a gloved finger into your rectum this is called a digital rectal exam in addition a blood test will be done to check the level of a substance in your blood

Called psa men with prostate cancer often have a higher psa blood level sometimes active surveillance means your doctor will take a biopsy of your prostate during a biopsy your doctor will remove

Prostate tissue samples through the rectum with a needle you may need to have surgery called prostatectomy to remove your prostate gland another treatment called radiation

Therapy uses radiation to shrink tumors and kill cancer cells in external beam radiation a machine aims radiation from outside your body to the prostate in contrast internal radiation uses

Pieces of radioactive material placed within the tumor hormone therapy is another treatment for prostate cancer it affects certain substances made by your body called hormones

Prostate cancer needs these hormones to grow hormone therapy drugs can prevent cancer growth in two ways first the drugs can block the action of the one or more hormones on your

Prostate second the drugs can block or reduce the amount of hormones made by your body immuno-oncology also known as immunotherapy helps your immune system fight cancer

For example one treatment uses certain immune cells taken from your body these cells are grown in the lab and given a vaccine that makes them more active

Then the activated immune cells are returned to your body to help attack cancer cells your doctor may prescribe other treatments than the ones described here talk to your doctor if you have

Questions about your prescribed medication or have any side effects be sure to take your medications as directed by your doctor

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