The Orkhon Inscriptions // Göktürk Primary Source // Bilgä Qaghan (683 – 734)

published on July 30, 2020

I why the godlike heaven bread Turkish wise cog on I have mounted my throne here from the beginning to the end of my words first and foremost ye my younger brothers my brothers and my sisters sons

And my young princes and then all ye my kindred and my people he shut up it begs on the right he talked hands and work pegs on the left o twos begs and people of the toe coos Oh curses hearken well to these my words

Give close heed to them towards the east towards the sun's rising towards the south towards the mid-day towards the west towards the sun's setting towards the north towards

The midnight LED all peoples within this circle listen to me so far around have i disposed all the peoples so long as the turkish car GaN rules in the forests of mount Otakon without the wickedness of today

The kingdom suffers no ill to the east I have made campaigns as far as the shantung plane and almost reached the sea to the south I have made campaigns as far as toku Saracen and almost reached Tibet to the West I have made

Campaigns beyond the yen shoes as far as Tamiya capping to the North I have made campaigns as far as the Land of the Year bear coos to all these lands have I led the Turks the Forest of Mount Otto Kahn has no foreign Overlord the Forest of

Mount Otto Kahn is the place where from the kingdom is held together while I have ruled here I have become reconciled with the Chinese people the Chinese people who give in abundance gold silver millet and silk have always used

Ingratiating words hand have at their disposal innovating riches while in snaring them with their ingratiating talk and innovating riches they have drawn the fard welling people's nearer to themselves but after setting down

Near them these have come to see their cunning the good and shrewd man the good and stout man however they have not shaken and even if a man have fallen away from us they have not succeeded in leading astray the sober ones within his

Kindred or his people but by letting yourselves be snared by ingratiating talk and enervating riches many of you Turkish folk have gone to destruction when some among you Turkish folks said I will settle in the south

But not in the forest of mount true guy but in the plane then the wicked man encouraged this party among you Turkish folk in this wise when they are far away they give bad gifts when they are near they give good gifts

Thus did they urge them on the foolish persons were taken by these words and went down to their neighborhood whereby many among you have come to destruction if thou then go forth to that land o Turkish nation that will come to

Destruction but if they'll stay in the land of Batu Khan and send out caravans that will never suffer any need if thou stay on in the mountain forests of a toucan thou shalt ever hold an everlasting Kingdom o Turkish nation and

Thou shalt be full fed when now are hungry thou dost not remember what fullness is but once thou art full fed thou has no thought of what hunger is without giving heed to the words of your car Gong of him who thanks to those or

Like-mind among you has set you on your feet ye have wandered forth from place to place and he have all their languished and suffered need those among you that have stayed behind there all have had to go

On from place to place to life or death under the will of heaven and for that it was my high calling I became qug on after having become car GaN I gathered together the whole luckless people the poor people I have

Made rich the people small in numbers I have made a numerous one or is there perhaps any untruth in these my words turkish pegs and people's hearken unto this how thou o turkish people has preserved the kingdom through being

Obedient i have here written down how thou has been divided up when thou was faithless I have here set forth all that I had to say to you I have written down on this everlasting stone having obeyed this ye Turkish people's and begs now

Living he begs that up to now have been obedient to a throne could you indeed wish to be found wanting I have had the memorial stone hewn from the Chinese emperor I have had artists to come and have set them to work my

Request has not been refused they have sent the Chinese Emperor's court painters I have bidden them set up a separate hall and inside and out I have had them to make various remarkable paintings I have had the stone hewn that

Which lay in my heart to utter I have had written understand to see this all as far as the sons and subjects of the ten arrows I have had the memorial stone hewn for those of you who might have been withdrawing into winter camp or

From barren places striving towards grazing ground I have had this memorial stone hewn in a barren place and have written this when you see it then know so much this stone I have he that has written this inscription is his sister's

Son yo leaked egg in

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