The Last Ditch Attempt to Save the USSR – August Coup of 1991 (Short Animated Documentary)

published on July 17, 2020

As 1991 was reaching its end the Soviet Union the world's second superpower was in the process of catastrophic political collapse this outcome had been fairly apparent for over a year now and the Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev had tried numerous policies to preserve the

USSR these included widespread reforms notably glasnost which opened up the press allowing for criticism of the government and perestroika which reformed the internal operations of the USSR notably by instigating economic

Reforms which allowed private enterprise and foreign investment something which upset many hardline communists whilst the collapse of communism there was by late 1990 seen is mostly inevitable the collapse of the state itself wasn't so

Certain in early 1991 as part of Gorbachev democratic reforms there was a referendum on whether or not the USSR should be preserved which was approved by over three-quarters of the people from these areas the other areas had to

Use a technical historical term noped out and didn't take part now when I say that people voted to preserve the USSR I don't mean the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics but a new state the Union of Soviet sovereign republics which as the

Name suggests didn't have to be communist furthermore a new post was created within the USSR the President of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic and in July Boris Yeltsin was elected to that post something which

Upset many hardline communists and so some high-ranking members of the Communist Party including Vice President gennady and ivan head of the KGB vladimir krutov decided to intervene in August of 1991 while Gorbachev was on

Holiday in Crimea the plotters let's into action and placed him under house arrest he was asked to resign but he promptly told them no one so they told the country he was seriously ill and unable to lead and in response to this

The plotters created the State Committee on the emergency situation led by a naive as acting president which would run the country in the meantime the Soviet coup had formally begun the coup began with tanks roaring into Moscow and

Politicians who were seen as the threat being quickly arrested with one notable exception Boris Yeltsin the committee quickly shut down all critical newspapers and broadcasted what they were going to do they were going to fix

The economy restore the Communist Party to its rightful place take back control of the parts of the country that wanted to break away and finally win the Cold War sounds lovely yet despite this rhetoric the people running the country

Didn't have plans on how to do this except for stop the reforms this new leadership was incredibly worrying to the wider Soviet citizenry and was especially so to the press in anyone who is criticized

Communism recently since there was an expectation that the new leaders would begin a purge once they cemented their position an expectation that wasn't entirely without merit since most of the KGB were on boards also the coup had

Some support from the military including the defense minister Dmitry as off hence the tanks on the streets not all of the military was supported though notably the higher-ups in the air force were opposed and there was a severe rift

Across the Armed Forces military support for the coup didn't stop Soviet citizens from protesting against the change in leadership and Yeltsin was a notable critic who became a central opponent who called for Gorbachev's restoration he

Was also supported by a sizeable part of the Soviet Army who together with some civilians formed a barricade outside the White House not that one in Lithuania which had declared independence the year before Soviet

Troops were still stationed there in the committee plan for its reintegration into the USSR across the USSR widespread protests and strikes broke out as many politicians both communists did not oppose the committee's actions

Furthermore Western leaders condemned the coup and halted all cooperation with the USSR within the Soviet Union the individual republics were split down these lines and the committee wasn't without some support internationally

Communist states like Cuba North Korea and China was supportive of the coup since they felt that you naive and his colleagues were right and they had no interest whatsoever in losing the primary defender of global communism

Things started to heat up as demonstrations became more incensed than there were some isolated incidents of violence this was also the point where some in the committee realized that they weren't going to be successful the day

Was also rounded out by Estonia unilaterally declaring independence which probably wasn't what the coup leaders were hoping for overnight there was some fighting between soldiers on the side of the committee in those who

Had sided with Yeltsin with the out since troops were standing the assault it was at this point that the rest of the committee realized that they had failed and some of them subsequently fled Moscow you now have opted to face

His fate in Moscow whereas the rest barring one because well went to see Gorbachev in Crimea in order to hopefully not get purged once he was back in charge the members of the military which had sided with the

Committee then switched allegiance pulled all military forces out of Moscow the Supreme Soviet the Soviet Parliament then announced that the crisis was over and that Gorbachev was restored as president the coup was over the

Remaining committee members were quickly rounded up and arrested and order was restored to the streets of Moscow there were several reasons for the cooze failure the first was corbett ross refusal to

Resign which robbed Jenai EV of any legitimacy in the eyes of the public another was that the military wasn't entirely on board and politicians like Yeltsin kicked up a fuss yet the biggest reason that the coup failed was the

People who took to the streets and stared down armed soldiers to prevent a return to the politics of old Gorbachev's changes were popular and the cooze leaders assumed that taking control of the party meant that they

Could stop them yet where they miscalculated was that the party was no longer able to override the people and their support for the changes the coup effectively doomed the Soviet Union and the Communist Party there and the USSR

Itself would only last for another four months the leaders of the committee were imprisoned and Yeltsin would go on to become Russia's first president the last-ditch attempt to preserve the Soviet system was a failure in the fact

That they didn't spiral into a wider revolutionary conflict is honestly quite amazing I hope you enjoyed this episode and thank you for watching with the special thanks to my patrons James Bissonnette John lucid a man of culture

Danny Maloney little holiday John biz gas Rob Waterhouse Mo James Castaneda Aaron the white Jordan Longley Gustav Swan marcus asana rashid ali spinning three plates filled oink oink david silverman maggie packs Kowski spencer

Lightfoot Lexie Schwinn Kelly moneymaker Anthony Beckett Robert Wetzel Skye Chappell Marvin Castle Winston Hayward and Izzy I mean really probably just the worst attempt at a coup ever

Related Videos

Now that the war with Italy was over the one against the Saxons which had been interrupted for the time being was taken up once more no war ever undertaken by t...
the balkans also known as the balkan peninsula is a geographic region in southern east europe a place very very rich in history starting with the beginning of ...
deras Lari after we went into the line on the western side of the island the regiment stayed and continuously from the tenth or eleventh day until the 35th day...
Starting in the 1950s the USSR began giving aid to Afghanistan the Soviets build roads irrigation and even some oil pipelines before the arrival of the Soviet t...
Throughout goal there are two classes of persons of definite account and dignity as for the common folk they are treated almost as slaves venturing naught of th...
Hezekiah of judah who had not submitted to my yoke i've received 46 of his strong cities castles and small cities by casting down their walls and advancing ...
In the history of Europe the Middle Ages or medieval period lasted from the 5th to the 15th century it began with the fall of the Western Roman Empire and merge...
to Earth's residence which was situated here was said to be more splendid than his houses in other places it was made of polished boards and surrounded wi...
Before you watch this video consider to subscribe to learn more about our history and hittable button to be notified when a new video is uploaded the united kin...
haven't asked this bridge we received by that Lord Montezuma with about two hundred Chiefs all barefooted and dressed in a kind of livery very rich accordi...
We are in the summer of 1940 more than 78 years ago the world's who was at war Europe who was shocked by a very rapid expansion of the German forces in Pola...
you'll request that I would send you an account of my uncle's death in order to transmit a more exact relation of it to posterity deserves my acknowled...
This video is made in collaboration with alma-tadema a channel that is focusing on islamic history i really recommend to watch the video till the end to underst...
Wednesday May 30th towards nine o'clock in the morning we the judges repaired to the place of the Old Market in Rouen we were assisted by the Reverend Fathe...
Is the 12th century lately around eleven 6et Temujin was born Temujin the future Genghis Khan came from a clan that had a tradition of power and rule he was the...
I why the godlike heaven bread Turkish wise cog on I have mounted my throne here from the beginning to the end of my words first and foremost ye my younger bro...
Genghis Khan named his third son the charismatic okeyday a sin successor before he died in 1227 according to Mongol tradition Genghis Khan was buried in a secre...
To overtime of ramzan itis Egypt so the priests told me was in always well governed and greatly prospered but Cheops who was the next king brought the people to...
the Dutch colonial empire was made of the overseas trading posts and territories across the world controlled and administered by the Dutch trading companies Du...
I am Darius the great king the King of Kings the king of Persia the king of the provinces the son of Heist aspies the grandson of Assamese the Achaemenid thus...