Roman Trade Route to Ancient China // 1st cent. AD Periplus // Ancient Primary Source

published on July 20, 2020

Beyond the prosperous Emporium of missouri's lies another Kingdom belonging to King Pandey on there about five hundred states distance from Missouri's is the Emporium of Nell kinder it is situated about 120 States from the sea but it can be accessed by

River however this river has sand banks and shoals within its channels vessels coming downriver from Nell kinder for their outbound voyage must therefore anchor in the open sea to take on board

Their cargoes at the very mouth of this river is another settlement called the car a but the kings of Missouri sand Nell kinder have their dwellings inland from here vessels coming from the open sea in the vicinity of these places will

Get an indication that they are approaching land as sea snakes will emerge to meet them these creatures are black in color but they are shorter with dragon shaped heads and blood-red eyes this video is

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Kinder carry full loads because of the volume and quantity of pepper and cinnamon that is available here they offer us a market for mainly a gram of money but also peridot limited quantities of clothing with no

Adornments multicolored textiles sulfide of antimony coral raw glass copper tin LED a limited quantity of wine but the same as goes to Barry Gaza Emporium grain in sufficient amounts for those who are involved in the shipping

Business because the local merchants do not use it the export pepper grown for the most part katana rek this is the only place connected to these two trade ports where pepper is grown we also export good supplies of fine quality

Pearls ivory Chinese silk cloth Gangetic nard mullah brothel bought from the interior and all kinds of transparent gems diamonds and sapphires and tortoiseshell the kind from the golden land and also the kind called around the

Islands lying off lime mary kay itself in the past men used smaller vessels to arrive here they followed the curves of the bay from karna and you Dame on Arabia the sail a whole coastal route which has just been described then when

A ship's captain named hip hollows plotted the location of the points of trade he realized the configuration of the sea and he was the first to discover the route over open water in this place the winds we call it easy on blow

Seasonally from the direction of the sea southwesterly breeze therefore makes his appearance in the Indian Ocean this wind is now cool after the name of the person who first discovered the direct way across even now because of this wind

Some ships can leave directly from karna and others from the promontory of spices any vessels bound for limeira que can hold out the wind in this quarter for most of the way other ships that are bound for Barrett Gaza and everyone

Going to Sevilla keep the wind on this quarter for only three days and no more and this manner ships will be carried away from the land over the ocean on the high seas they will bypass the previously

Mentioned bays and can continue for the rest of their run on their own proper course now beyond Bach RA there comes the Red Mountain as it is called with a region known as the

Seaboard extending directly to the south the first stopping place on the coast that has a good Harbor is called bolita after this the next stopping place is a little settlement port called colmar it is said that the one time a goddess

Dwelt there and performed ablutions so men who wished to have a holy life perform cleansing rituals practice celibacy and choose to remain there for the rest of their days women also do the same beyond Komar the region extends as

Far as cold choy and it is here that convicts dive for pearls the region is under the king of pantheon after Col Troy along the borders of a bay is an area called The Strand in one place pearls are gathered inland from here is

A region named our garu it exports cotton garments vessels sailing for both fly America and points north cool that the following trade ports and harbors in order of importance they are Kamara butokay and of so Padma these places

Are home ports for the local boats that sail along the coast as far as la mera cake oversized dugout canoes called sang Gaara held together with a yoke dock here and the same ports are used by the very large

Qalandia fonta that sail across to cry sea and the Ganges region there is a market in these places for all the Western trade goods imported by lime mira que generally speaking goods are trafficked

All along this coast all year round both the cash originated from Egypt and most cards of goods originating from and supplied by limeira Kate regarding the regions beyond the land of garu the course now turns off

Towards the east projecting due west into the ocean there was an island that extends almost up to the part of a zania that lies opposite nowadays it is called Perl AC mundo but its inhabitants know it by the ancient name of tapri Barney a

Part of it uh lives towards the north is civilized it produces pearls transparent gemstones cotton garments and tortoiseshell around this area lies the region of masala which extends far inland great many cotton garments and

Produced there from this area if you sell do you east across the bay that lies alongside you will come to the design country this is a habitat of a kind of elephant called the bazaar a beyond here the course now turns towards

The north here are numerous barbaric peoples among them the Kira day a race of wild men with flattened noses and other people other Barga soy then there are those called horse faces who are said to be cannibals after this by

Heading east with the ocean on the right and saving on an hour course to the left pass the remaining parts of the coastline you will reach the Ganges region and this vicinity Christ says the furthest part of the mainland towards

The east there was a river nearby this also called the Ganges this is the greatest of all the rivers in India and has a rise and fall like the Nile so here are shipped out sinnamon Gangetic nard pearls and cotton garments of the

Very finest quality he said that there are gold mines in the area in the region as a gold coin called the keltus beyond the river is an island in the ocean is the furthest landmass towards the east and is positioned

Beneath the Rising Sun this land is called crisi and it supplies the finest tortoise shell of all the places in the Indian Ocean at the Ganges region you are by now at the northernmost point somewhere on the outer fringe where the

Sea ends there is a very great inland city called thena from this place silk floss yarn and cloth a traffic by land by way of Bactria to barek Gaza silk is also taken by the Ganges River – limeira K it's not

Easy to get to this thena only rarely do people come from it and even then only a few the area lies right under Earth's a minor and it is said is connected to parts of the pontus and the Caspian Sea it lies on the same parallel as Lake

Mauritius and the junction where the Caspian empties into the northern ocean every year certain tribe called the sesor tay turns up at the border their lives between them and the people who live on the thenar side the sesor type

People are short in body and have a a level faced profile they come bearing great packs resembling mats of green leaves and bring their wives and children with them then they remain at some location on the border spread out

Their mats under them and hold a festival for several days after this they return to the wrong in that homes local people are expecting this so they turn up in the area to collect all the Saturday have spread out for

Exchange what lies beyond this area because of extremes of storm the bitter cold and the difficult terrain but also because of some divine power of the gods these places have not been explored

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