Rheumatoid Arthritis Animation

by birtanpublished on September 12, 2020

You you Bonz provide support for the body and aid in its movement the place where two or more bones meet is called a joint joints may be immovable slightly movable or freely moveable

A synovial membrane surrounds movable joints inside the membrane synovial fluid lubricates and nourishes joint tissue such as cartilage articular cartilage is a tough slippery covering on the ends of the bones which allows

Smooth joint movement joints give the body flexibility precision of movement and help in supporting the body's weight arthritis is any disorder that affects joints it can cause pain and

Inflammation rheumatoid arthritis is the second most common type of arthritis the joints most commonly affected are in the wrists hands knees ankles and feet it typically occurs at the same joint on both sides

Of the body it can also affect other organs in the body such as the eyes skin heart lungs kidneys

Nervous system and digestive tract rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disorder this means the body attacks itself by mistake in rheumatoid arthritis the immune system attacks joint and organ tissues here's

How it happens the white blood cells of the immune system move into the joint they release chemicals called cytokines which attack the cells of the synovial membrane these chemicals cause synovial cells to

Release other destructive substances they also cause the synovial membrane to grow new blood vessels and form a thickened area called a panis over time as the panis grows it invades and destroys areas of cartilage and bone

Inside the joint inflammation causes fluid buildup in the joint making the joint swell eventually without treatment the joint space narrows and ankylosis can occur ankylosis is fusion or growing together of bones in the joint

This results in the loss of the ability to move the joint there is no cure for rheumatoid arthritis however doctors commonly prescribed various combinations of the following medications that when taken together can reduce inflammation

And pain and slow down joint damage these include non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or NSAIDs steroids and standard disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs or DMARDs if standard DMARDs aren't working doctors

May prescribe newer drugs called biologics also known as biologic DMARDs physical and occupational therapy along with low-impact exercise can increase muscle strength and help keep joints limber

For severe rheumatoid arthritis that has not been helped by other treatments a doctor may recommend a surgical procedure for example a joint replacement procedure also known as an arthroplasty may be recommended for

Joints that are difficult to replace joint fusion also known as arthrodesis may be recommended during this procedure the joint is removed and the bones are fused together with bone graft another surgical

Procedure for severe rheumatoid arthritis is a sin of ectomy during this procedure the synovial membrane surrounding the joint is removed in some cases and arthritic joint may need to be replaced with an artificial joint

For more information talk to a healthcare provider

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