Plastic Pollution: How Humans are Turning the World into Plastic

by birtanpublished on September 2, 2020

When the gods granted king midas one wish he wished that everything he touched would turn to gold midas was delighted trees rocks buildings all gold but soon he found in horror that his food turned into gold as well when he hugged his daughter to soothe his pain

He realized his mistake too late the richest man in existence was starving heartbroken and alone humanity got a similar wish granted when we learned how to turn brown stinky goo into magic plastic cheap sterile and convenient it

Changed our lives but this wonder of technology gotten out of hand plastic has saturated our environment it has invaded the animals we eat and now it's finding its way into our bodies

what is plastic for most of our history humans used stuff we found in nature to build the things we need it but the invention of plastic roughly 100 years ago completely changed our world plastic

Is made from polymers long repeating chains of molecule groups in nature polymers exist everywhere the walls of cells silk hair insect carapace ease DNA but it's also possible to create them by breaking down crude oil into its

Components and rearranging them we can form new synthetic polymers synthetic polymers have extraordinary traits they are lightweight durable and can be molded into almost any shape not requiring time-consuming manual work

Plastic can be easily mass-produced and its raw materials are available in vast amounts and incredibly cheaply and so the golden era of plastics began bakelite was used for mechanical parts PVC for plumbing electric gears and

Cases acrylic is a shatter resistant alternative to glass and nylon for stockings and war equipment today almost everything is at least partly made from plastic our clothes phones computers furniture appliances houses and cars

Plastic has long ceased to be a revolutionary material instead it became trash coffee cups plastic bags or stuff to wrap a banana we don't think about this fact a lot plastic just appears and goes away

Unfortunately it doesn't since synthetic polymers are so durable plastic takes between 500 and 1,000 years to break down but somehow we collectively decided to use this super tough material for things meant to be thrown away 40

Percent of plastics are used for packaging in the u.s. packaging makes up 1/3 of all the waste of the discs generated annually since its invention we have produced about 8 point 3 billion metric tons of plastic 335 million tons

In 2016 alone more than 6.3 billion metric tons of plastic have become waste since 1907 piled up in one place that makes a cube with a side length of 1.9 kilometers so what did we do with all this waste 9 percent was recycled 12

Percent burnt but seventy-nine percent of it is sticking around still a lot ends up in the ocean around 8 million tons a year that's so much plastic that it will outweigh all the fish in the ocean by

2050 because it's everywhere marine animals keep getting trapped in plastic and swallowing it in 2015 already 90% of seabirds had eaten plastic many animals starved with stomachs full of indigestible trash in

2018 a dead sperm whale washed up in Spain he had eaten 32 kilos of plastic bags nets and a drum while this is tragic and makes for great magazine covers there's an even more widespread invisible form of plastic micro plastics

Micro plastics are pieces smaller than 5 millimeters some of them are used in cosmetics or toothpaste but most result from floating waste that is constantly exposed to UV radiation and crumbles into smaller and smaller pieces 51

Trillion such particles float in the ocean where even more easily swallowed by all kinds of marine life this has raised concerns among scientists especially about health risks from the chemicals that are added

To plastic BPA for example makes plastic bottles transparent but there's also evidence that it interferes with our hormonal system de HP makes plastics more flexible but may cause cancer it would be pretty bad if micro plastics

Are toxic because they travel up the food chain though a plankton eat micro plastic small fish eat zooplankton soda wasters crabs and predatory fish and they all land on our plate micro plastics have been found in honey in sea

Salt in beer in tap water and in the household dust around us 8 out of 10 babies and nearly all adults have measurable amounts of phalates a common plastic additive in their bodies and 93 percent of people have BPA in their

Urine there is little science about this so far and right now it's inconclusive we need a lot more research before panic is justified but it is safe to say that a lot of stuff happened that we didn't plan for and we have lost control over

Plastic to a certain extent which is kind of scary but just to make sure we should simply ban plastics right unfortunately it's a bit more complicated than that plastic pollution is not the only environmental challenge

We face some of the substitutes we'd use for plastic have a higher environmental impact in other ways for example according to a recent study by the Danish government making a single-use plastic bag requires so little energy

And produces far lower carbon dioxide emissions compared to a reusable cotton bag that you need to use your cotton bag 7,000 100 times before it would have a lower impact on the environment than the plastic bag

We're left with a complex process of trade-offs everything has an impact somehow and it's hard to find the right balance between them plastic also helps solve problems that we don't have very good answers for at the moment globally

One-third of all food that's produced is never eaten and ends up rotting away on landfills where it produces methane and the best way of preventing food from spoiling and avoiding unnecessary waste is still plastic packaging it's also

Important to note where the vast majority of the world's plastic pollution is coming from right now 90% of all plastic waste entering the ocean through rivers comes from just ten rivers in Asia and Africa the Yangtze

And China alone flushes 1.5 million tons of plastic into the ocean each year countries like China India Algeria or Indonesia industrialized at an impressive pace in the last few decades transforming the lives of billions of

People this development was so fast that the garbage disposal infrastructure couldn't keep up with collecting and recycling all the new waste this brought if politicians in Europe in the u.s. want to address this issue investing in

Infrastructure in developing countries is just as important as fighting plastic pollution at home with campaigns and redesigning products to minimize unnecessary plastic production the bottom line is as long as we don't

Address plastic pollution from a global perspective we will not solve it plastic pollution is a complicated problem we found a magic material and we had a really good time with it but we need to be careful or just like mitis will end

Up in a world that we didn't wish for your individual daily actions still have a huge impact what you do matters refuse disposable plastics convince your friends and family to do the same pressure companies and politicians to

Take the necessary steps to keep our oceans clean and our food safe together we can beat plastic pollution this video was a collaboration with UN Environment and they're clean seas campaign if you want to take action to turn the tide on

Plastics go to clean seas org and make your pledge

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