Patient Education Video: Intrauterine Device (IUD)

by birtanpublished on September 28, 2020

A series of events called the menstrual cycle happens about once every month to prepare a woman's body for pregnancy changing levels of natural chemicals in the bloodstream called hormones control these events the reproductive organs affected by these hormones include the

Vagina cervix uterus fallopian tubes and ovaries the ovaries produce two main hormones

Called estrogen and progesterone as the level of estrogen begins to rise it causes the normally thick mucus inside the cervix to thin out estrogen also triggers other hormones to cause one of the ovaries to release an

Egg this process is called ovulation if a woman has sex during this time a man's reproductive cells called sperm can pass through the thinner mucus to fertilize an egg in the uterus estrogen causes the lining

To thicken which prepares it to receive a fertilized egg rising progesterone levels cause glands in the lining to release fluid that feeds the fertilized egg progesterone also causes the thinned-out

Mucus in the cervix to become thick again which prevents sperm from passing through if an egg hasn't been fertilized the levels of both estrogen and progesterone begin to fall this drop in hormone

Levels causes menstruation a process where the uterus sheds its inner tissue lining and blood through the vagina an intrauterine device or IUD is a birth control method consisting of a soft flexible t-shaped device with a thin

String on the end there are two types of intrauterine devices hormonal IUDs and a copper IUD to prevent pregnancy a doctor places an IUD inside a woman's uterus with the string hanging down inside her vagina

Both types of IUD cause mild inflammation of the uterine lining which releases immune cells and chemicals that kill sperm hormonal IUDs also contain a synthetic type of progesterone called

Levonorgestrel levonorgestrel mainly prevents pregnancy by thickening the mucus inside the cervix which prevents sperm from entering the uterus it also prevents the uterine lining from

Thickening so it is less likely to receive a fertilized egg about a month after inserting an IUD the doctor may schedule an exam to make sure it is still in place dr. may also teach the woman how to

Check her IUD between visits by feeling for the string inside the vagina depending on the type an IUD can be left in place for 3 to 10 years women can have their doctor remove an IUD at any time for any reason including the desire

To have children an intrauterine device or IUD is one of the most effective methods of birth control IUDs are over 99% effective at preventing pregnancy

This means that less than one out of a hundred women will become pregnant each year if they use an IUD and check it regularly for correct placement however IUDs are only about 97% effective if not checked for correct

Placement for more information on any type of birth control talk to your doctor

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