The ovaries are the female reproductive glands. They consist of three types of cells: epithelial, germ, and stromal. When the cells in the ovaries grow abnormally, they develop into tumors that can be noncancerous or cancerous.
If cancerous tumors are not detected early, the cancer cells can spread from the ovaries throughout the pelvic region and continue to spread to the abdominal area and other organs. Determining the stage of ovarian cancer is very important in developing a treatment plan.
At stage one, cancer is limited to one or both of the ovaries. In stage two, ovarian cancer extends to the pelvis area. In stage three, ovarian cancer has spread to the abdominal region. In stage four, ovarian cancer extends into the liver, or to locations beyond the abdominal area.
Ovarian cancer treatment typically includes surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or a combination of therapies.