Human Papillomavirus | HPV | Nucleus Health

by birtanpublished on September 10, 2020

you human papillomaviruses also called HPVs make up a group of over a hundred related viruses that infect people most HPV s can cause common skin warts

Usually on the hands or feet however about 40 types of HPV infect the genitals which are the sex organs on the outside of the body these HPV s cause the most common sexually transmitted infections

Illnesses transmitted from one person to another through sexual activity some genital HPV czar low-risk and may only cause warts on and around the genitals and anus of both women and men rarely these HPV s can also cause warts

Inside the mouth and throat other genital HPV s are high risk they can lead to cancer of the lower end of a woman's uterus called the cervix less commonly these HPV s can lead to other genital anal or oral cancers in both

Women and men it's important to know that most HPV infections caused no symptoms and the low-risk genital HPV s that cause warts are not an important cause of cancer people infected with either a high-risk

Or a low-risk genital HPV spread it through skin-to-skin contact during vaginal anal or oral sex for infection to occur HPV enters through tiny cuts in the skin around or inside the penis vagina throat or anus

The virus makes its way down to the cells in the bottom or base a layer of skin and infects them as the infected cells divide the virus begins to make copies of itself eventually the infected cells move up through the skin layers

Releasing new viruses that can spread the infection to other cells for most people the cells of the immune system can destroy the infected cells along with the virus within 2 years but in some people the immune system isn't able

To destroy all of the viruses leading to an infection that doesn't go away HPV infected cells may multiply over several weeks or months if the cells are infected with low risk HPV they begin to form warts around the

Genitals if the HPV is high-risk it may damage the cells genetic material causing the cells to become precancerous over a period of years a cancerous tumor may slowly form as the damaged cells

Continue to multiply the most common cancer from high-risk genital HPV is cervical cancer there is no cure for any type of HPV infection however the Gardasil vaccine can help

Protect against two of the most common high-risk HPV s that cause genital cancers the vaccine also helps protect against two of the most common low risk HPV s that cause genital warts for best protection preteen girls and

Boys should receive three doses of the vaccine over a period of six months before any sexual activity takes place the vaccine injects dead proteins from HPV viruses into the bloodstream these proteins don't cause infection but

The proteins do stimulate certain immune cells to create markers called antibodies that can identify these HPV s later if the live versions of these viruses invade the skin the antibodies recognize and attach to them

These immune cells destroy the marked viruses which prevents an infection from happening it is important to note that the vaccine does not protect against other types of HPV not included in the vaccine the vaccine also doesn't

Reliably treat cells that are already infected high-risk genital HPV s that cause cervical cancer are most treatable when diagnosed early women should have a Pap test to see if their cervix has abnormal

Or precancerous cells even if they've had an HPV vaccine check with a health care provider to find out how often to get this test during this procedure a healthcare provider will collect a small sample of cells from the cervix

These cells will be examined under a microscope to see if they're abnormal or cancerous a separate HPV test will look for genetic material from high-risk types of HPV when a Pap test and HPV test are

Done together it's called Co testing if these tests show abnormal cells a healthcare provider will recommend specific treatment based on the woman's age medical history and the abnormality of

Her cells while there is no cure for an HPV infection both abnormal and cancerous cells can be treated some types of HPV can cause common skin warts or genital warts the warts may go away without treatment as the immune system

Fights off the HPV infection if the warts are painful or don't go away visit a healthcare provider so they can examine the warts to determine the best way to remove them although you can treat common warts at home do not treat

Genital warts yourself procedures to remove either common warts or genital warts include freezing with cryotherapy burning with an electric current called electrocautery or by surgical removal

For more information talk to a healthcare professional

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