Each Canine Breed Defined (Half 2) | WIRED

published on July 3, 2020

– Hi, I'm Gail Miller Bisher,

the voice of the Westminster Kennel Club

I grew up in the sport of dogs,

as a breeder, owner, handler,

and I'm also an AKC licensed judge,

and this is every single breed of dog


There are 31 breeds in the sporting group,

comprised of dogs that
were bred to work with man

The first subgroup is the
German Shorthair Pointer,

and the German Wirehaired Pointer

The main difference would
be having that wiry coat,

so that the dog's skin doesn't get ripped

if it's in very thick brush

These are tireless hunters

that are known for being
able to work all day long

They make wonderful pets,

but they need lots of exercise

Here we have the Retrievers

There's the Chesapeake Bay Retriever,

the Curly-Coated Retriever,

the Flat-Coat Retriever,
the Golden Retriever,

the Labrador Retriever,

and of course the Nova Scotia
Duck Tolling Retriever

The Chesapeake Bay Retriever is known

to have an oily feel to its coat,

and that's to help make it water repellent

in those cold waters

The Curly-Coated
Retriever is what's called

a silhouette breed

They have a very unique outline

The Flat-Coated Retriever, all in black,

is always wagging its tail

The Golden Retriever of course

has been a long family
favorite in the United States

One of the top American Kennel Club

registered breeds every year

The Labrador Retriever is used
in many different capacities

Aside from being a hunting dog,

they can be drug sniffing dogs

Their lovable, easygoing temperament,

makes them versatile,
and able to do many jobs

The Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever

is a little smaller than
the other Retrievers,

and he has a very unique hunting style

Here we have the English Setter,

the Gordon Setter, Irish Setter,

and the Irish Red and White Setter

The Gordon Setter is a
little heavier boned,

and that's important to note,

because they actually
were setting in Scotland,

where it was a rougher terrain

than where the other Setters were

The English Setter is one
of the earliest breeds shown

at Westminster

The Irish Red and White Setter

is actually a very old breed,

but was only eligible to
show at Westminster in 2010

This subgroup is the Cocker Spaniels,

beginning with the English Cocker Spaniel,

and then the ASCOB Cocker,

which stands for Any Solid
Color Other than Black

And then the Black Cocker Spaniel,

and the Parti-Color Cocker Spaniel

Now the English Cocker
Spaniel is the original,

and the other three are
the American version

The English Cocker Spaniel
is true to my heart

I actually have one at home

I have an orange and white,

and I love this breed

They're known as being merry

That's one of the main characteristics,

is their tail never stops wagging

Then you have the American Cockers,

as we call them

Now these have a different head shape

They have a shorter, smaller head

They have a shorter muzzle

They're smaller at the withers

than the English Cocker Spaniel,

and in the show ring you'll see them

with a much more profuse coat

So the difference
between the ASCOB Cocker,

the Black Cocker, and
the Parti-Color Cocker,

is really just the coat color

Any solid color other than black,

means it's either all buff,

or it's all of one of the accepted colors,

without any white

Then you have the all black, clearly,

and then the Parti-Color is
many colors put on the dog

Here we have the English Springer Spaniel,

and the Welsh Springer Spaniel

What you'll notice, they
have very different features,

and that part of it is
just the ear length,

the length of body, the height of body,

but they're both fun loving,

great sporting dogs that
are fun to go work with,

and can work all day

In the 1970s, there was an
English Springer Spaniel,

who won Best in Show at
Westminster two times

The Welsh Springer is a
sweet, outgoing breed,

that has a beautiful red and white coat,

that is very protective
when they're hunting

Here we have the Clumber Spaniel,

and the Sussex Spaniel,

and the only reason they're put together

is because they're both heavier boned,

lower to the ground

They were a slow moving hunting dog

They weren't built for speed

They're built for endurance,

they're built for long
distance, but not fast

The Clumber Spaniel has won
Best in Show at Westminster

In 2009, a Sussex Spaniel won
Best in Show at Westminster,

and holds the record
for being the oldest dog

to ever win Best in Show

He was 10 years old

Here we have the Weimaraner, the Vizsla,

and the Wirehaired Vizsla

These are German and Hungarian breeds

that have been developed over centuries

They are very sleek in their appearance

They're very athletic

They need lots of room,
and lots of exercise

The Viszla is a rust color breed

They're known for being
very close to their family,

and not wanting to be
separated from their family

Very trainable, and very fun loving

The Wirehaired Viszla, as the name says,

has a little different coat,

and they're a little more rough looking,

little rugged looking

And that coat is really
just to protect them,

when they're hunting

And of course the Weimaraner is known

as the gray ghost

They're very athletic, strong

It needs a lot of exercise and care

The Boykin Spaniel is
one of the few breeds

that has webbed feet,

so that it can swim better,
and work in wet terrain

The Spaniels that became
very popular in the UK,

originally came from Spain,

and the Field Spaniel is one of those

They're a little larger
than the English Cocker,

and they're definitely larger

than the American Cocker Spaniel,

but they're a very old breed

The Brittany, from France,

from the region of Brittany,

is still used today in hunting scenarios,

in competitions

Hunters love this breed
because of their energy,

and the fact that they're so versatile

in their hunting styles

They're very alert, and
they like to go, go, go

The Irish Water Spaniel
is a larger Spaniel

that actually has a rat tail,

single coat similar to a Poodle's coat

Beautiful brown coloring,

and they make an exceptional hunter

The Lagotto Romagnolo recently joined

the Westminster ring in 2016

This breed is known as the truffle hunter,

and they're a great family pet

The Nederlandse Kooikerhondje
is a beautiful red

and white, medium sized
dog, that is a true hunter

Even though they look
like just a cute, fun dog,

they really are an independent thinker,

and they love to hunt

It's important that people know,

just because they look cute,

doesn't mean that they aren't serious

about their jobs

The Pointer, which is the emblem

of the Westminster Kennel Club,

is one of the original breeds entered

at the Westminster Show in 1877

In 1877, when the Westminster
Kennel Club was formed,

they imported Pointers from England,

to help strengthen the breeding
stock of Westminster Kennel

There was a dog brought
over named Sensation,

who then went on to become the emblem

of the Westminster Kennel Club,

and that dog is still used

in all of our logos, and catalogs,

and everything we use today

The Pointer is a very
strong part of our history

The Spinone Italiano is a very laid back,

easygoing dog

They're supposed to be
ungroomed, unpolished

In the ring they're naturally shown,

and so sometimes that
can mean a wet beard

Sometimes that can mean
that their hair just looks

like they woke up and just got out of bed,

but that's what we love about the Spinone,

aside from their wonderful temperaments

The Wirehaired Pointing Griffon is known

for that tousled look of his furnishings

It's a very serious hunter,

but if you want that scruffy looking face,

you can get that too


There are 31 breeds in the Terrier group,

made up of primarily ratters
that came from England

Terra means ground, and these
dogs often went underground

They would go under after badger, vermin

They have to be very bold and feisty,

and that's what you'll
find in the Terrier group

Here we have the Airedale Terrier,

the Kerry Blue, and the Irish Terrier

Now oftentimes these dogs
serve multi purposes,

meaning that they were used
for ratting, of course,

and being vermin control,

but also the larger
dogs like the Airedale,

were used for all around farm purposes

There were Airedales that
were used in World War II,

as messenger dogs

They're a very smart and trainable dog

The Kerry Blue Terrier has a single coat,

and is good for people
who might have allergies

The Irish Terrier is very plucky

They're tall

They have the great ear carriage,

and some people thought that Tramp,

in "Lady and the Tramp",

was maybe related to an Irish Terrier

The next subgroup is the
American Staffordshire Terrier,

and the Staffordshire Bull Terrier

They're very athletic,
they're very strong

Aside from their athleticism,

is that they're very focused

Here we have the Colored Bull Terrier,

the White Bull Terrier,

and the Miniature Bull Terrier

Now really the only
difference is the markings

of the White and the Colored Bull Terrier

The Miniature Bull Terrier
clearly is a smaller version,

but all of them are comical

They're known for their zest for life,

and the White Bull Terrier
of course became famous

when Patten had one

Here we have the Smooth Fox Terrier,

and the Wire Fox Terrier

Now they are a little
different in their head shape,

and in their bodies

Obviously the coat's different,

but the Wire Fox Terrier
has won Best in Show

at Westminster 15 times

The next subgroup is the
Norfolk and Norwich Terrier

Now these breeds used
to be a single breed,

and then broke off because
the differences in the ears

One way to remember Norfolk
versus Norwich, is the W

The dog with the ears up looks like a W,

and that's a Wich

So that's the Norwich

Here we have the Russell Terrier,

and the Parson Russell Terrier,

and the main difference in these two dogs

is the Parson is a little taller on leg,

a little less bone,

whereas the Russell Terrier
is little lower to the ground,

and a little more bone to him

Here we have the Lakeland
Terrier, and the Welsh Terrier,

and although these dogs
have a very similar outline,

when they're in the ring,

being judged against each other,

the judge is looking at the
differences in the head

They have a different head shape,

and that's characteristic of the breed

Here we have the Scottish Terrier,

the West Highland White Terrier,

and the Sealyham Terrier

Now the Scottie and Westie
are often depicted together

in advertising, and
different things like that,

that stark difference
between the black and white,

but they're very different dogs

All of them have that Terrier
feistiness about them

The Scottie of course
has a much longer head

They're classic Black with
the ears that are upright

The Westie has more
fringe around the face,

and is a fun loving white Terrier

And then the Sealyham is a little thicker,

they're a little heartier in their body

Their ears are flopped down,

but all three of them were originally bred

to do the same thing,
which is vermin control

The American Hairless
Terrier was recognized

by the AKC in 2016,

and debuted at Westminster in 2017

The Australian Terrier is
a little longer in back

They have that coarse
coat, and upright ears

The Bedlington Terrier,

this is the breed that
looks like it's a baby lamb,

but it really isn't

This dog is a serious
Terrier, and a serious hunter

The Border Terrier is known to have

the head similar to an otter

They're a wonderful city dog

They're clean, they like other people,

and other dogs

They make a great family pet

The Cairn Terrier is a fun little dog

that comes in lots of different colors

The Cesky Terrier began
showing at Westminster in 2012

The Dandie Dinmont
Terrier is a very long dog

that has unique features like
its very puffy coated head,

and round eyes

The Glen of Imaal has a very unique shape

They're supposed to
have a rise in the loin,

large head with a large
nose, and a very harsh coat

The Standard Manchester Terrier,

in its black and tan coat,

is very alert, and ready to go

The Miniature Schnauzer has
long been a family favorite

They're very trainable

They're very popular
in lots of dog sports

Rat Terriers are very portable,

and easy to train, and they
love to be with their people

The Skye Terrier, coming
from the Isle of Skye,

is known for its very long length of body,

its long coat, and it has upright ears,

but it also comes in drop ears

Soft Coated Wheaten is known
for its beautiful soft coat


There are 21 breeds in the Toy group

The Toy group's comprised
of many different shapes,

and coat types, but
really they were all bred

to be companions

The first subgroup is the Affenpinscher,

and the Brussels Griffon

Both of them have kind of that round face,

with a mustache, and they both
have lots of zest for life

The second subgroup is Chihuahuas

There's the Smooth Coated,
and the Longhaired,

and of course everybody knows

that they think they're a big dog,

when they're really not

Here we have English Toy Spaniels,

and the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

These were all lap dogs of the royalty

English Toy Spaniels come in
the Blenheim and King Charles,

which is the red and white,

and then there's also the
King Charles and Ruby,

where they're black and tan, or all red

The difference between
the Cavalier King Charles,

and the English Toys,
primarily is in the head

and body length

The head shape of the
Cavalier King Charles

is a longer muzzle, and
different shaped head

Here we have the Silky Terrier,

the Yorkshire Terrier, and the Maltese

Now people sometimes get the Silky Terrier

and the Yorkshire Terrier mixed up,

because they are similar in coloring,

in that they have the
tan, with the bluish gray,

and they have a long coat,

but the Yorkshire Terrier
is a much smaller head

Its ears are a different positioning

It's a much shorter back
than the Silky Terrier,

so there are differences

Then there's also the Maltese,

which is a small, heavily
coated dog as well,

but of course that one is all white

Here we have the Chinese Crested,

and the Pekingese

Both breeds are from China,

but the Chinese Crested was
used as a ratter on ships

Sometimes was passed
from sailor to sailor,

because of how good they
were at vermin control,

whereas the Pekingese
stayed in the palace

They were the companion of royalty

The Toy Poodle is the smallest

of the three poodle sizes

They're known as being very intelligent,

and they're a great family pet

The Toy Fox Terrier can
be very good at agility

They're quick, and they're good listeners

The Havanese is the only
breed native to Cuba

The Italian Greyhound is a very old breed,

but were in fact entered at

the first Westminster Kennel
Club Dog Show in 1877

The Japanese Chin has a
very unique head and face

It's light to pick up

They are easy to groom

They were highly regarded in Japan,

and have been showing at
Westminster for 144 years

The Toy Manchester Terrier
is a smaller version

of the Standard Manchester Terrier,

and has a lot of the same temperament

and features of the breed

The Miniature Pinscher is a
lot of dog in a small package

They are fearless,

and they have a very unique gait

It's like a


[upbeat music]

The Papillon is called
such because of their ears

Papillon in French means butterfly,

so they're the butterfly dog

The Pomeranian has a very thick coat,

and comes in many colors

The Pug is recorded as being
in existence since 400 BC

There were Pugs showing at

the first Westminster Kennel
Club Dog Show in 1877

The Shih Tzu comes in
many different colors

They have a beautiful coat,

but if you wanna keep
the coat short at home,

you can do that and have a
great little family member


There are 30 dogs in the Working group,

comprised of breeds that were bred

to either protect, to guard, or to rescue

These are strong breeds
that have a lot of focus

and work ethic

The first subgroup is
the Alaskan Malamute,

the Samoyed, and the Siberian Husky

These three breeds have heavy coats

They're supposed to work
in very cold temperatures,

and they can pull very heavy loads

The Alaskan Malamute is a very large dog,

that needs to be
socialized at a young age

The Samoyed looks like it's smiling

because of the black
pigment around the lips

on that white coat

The Siberian Husky has won Best in Show

at Westminster one time

Here we have the Anatolian Shepherd,

the Komondor, and the Kuvasz

These three breeds,
they are very protective

of the flock, and that was their job,

to work independently of the humans,

that they know their job,

and they'll take care of business

The Anatolian breed is
more than 6000 years old

The Komondor has a corded coat

The Kuvasz is fearless, yet sweet

Here we have the Leonberger,

and the Tibetan Mastiff

Both of them are big coated breeds

Don't be fooled by the Leonberger's size

They're playful, they're
friendly, and make great pets

The Tibetan Mastiff is
an independent thinker,

and when it comes to training,

you have to make sure that
you're working on their level

Here we have the Dogue de Bordeaux,

the Boxer, and the Cane Corso

They have different head shapes,

and they have different temperaments,

but they're all very strong breeds

They're smooth coated,

sometimes they drool a little bit

They have become very
well known in our country

Dogue do Bordeaux has been in movies

The Boxer's been a longtime family friend,

and the Cane Corso is just
becoming more popular,

as a strong dog that is both
protector and family member

Here we have the Doberman Pinscher,

and the Rottweiler

Two German breeds that are very well known

for being good working dogs

They are very versatile,

and can do many different tasks

The Doberman Pinscher,
aside from its stare,

is a beautiful dog, very athletic

The popular Rottweiler
is a confident guardian

Here we have the Giant Schnauzer,

and the Standard Schnauzer

Both of these are German breeds

They're very trainable

They've been used before as military dogs

Today they make wonderful pets

They have a coarse coat,

which makes it easy
for them to stay clean

They can be trimmed so that you don't have

to worry about the furnishings
when grooming the dog

The Giant Schnauzer comes in two colors,

all black, or salt and pepper

The next subgroup are
dogs that you would find

in the mountains originally

There's the Bernese Mountain Dog,

the Greater Swiss Mountain Dog,

the Great Pyrenees, and the Saint Bernard

These dogs are not necessarily related,

but they all could have
been found in the mountains

The Bernese Mountain Dog has
that traditional tricolor

of the Swiss breeds

The Greater Swiss Mountain
Dog has a smooth coat

The Great Pyrenees is generally all white

The Saint Bernard is
known for its large bone,

and its big head, and big heart

Here we have the Bullmastiff, Mastiff,

the Neapolitan Mastiff, and the Boerboel

These were all estate guardians

A male Bullmastiff can average 120 pounds

The Mastiff is one of the originals

of the Mastiff breeds

The Neapolitan Mastiff was featured

in the Harry Potter series

The Boerboel debuted
at Westminster in 2016

Here we have the Newfoundland,

and a Portuguese Water Dog

Both dogs are used in the water

The Newfoundland was a water rescue dog,

would jump off boats and go,

and help people that have
been thrown into the water,

and bring them to safety,

and the Portuguese Water
Dog would help fisherman

pull nets back into the boats

The Akita needs early
socialization and training

The Black Russian Terrier
is a very large dog

Don't let the word Terrier fool you

The Chinook is one of the
few original American breeds

The German Pinscher is
more closely associated

with the Schnauzer than other Pinschers

The Great Dane comes in
several different colors

One of my favorites is Harlequin,

where it's black and white

[upbeat music]

That was all 205 breeds that show

at the Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show,

and as far as we're concerned,

they're all Best in Show

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