Christianity – God and the Scientists

by birtanpublished on July 12, 2020

In the beginning God created the heavensand the earth and God said let there belight the gathering together of thewaters called he seas God created man inhis own imagefor more than 1500 years Christian sawthe Bible as the primary source of

Knowledge but in the 17th century a newmovement emerged that challenged theChristian view of the world theScientific Revolution it was a time whenpeople were looking towards a new way ofthinking about the world during the

Renaissance the rising power of scienceforced the Catholic Church to silencerebellious scientists the sentence saysthe reason that you're burning isbecause you've denied the divinity ofJesus and because you questioned our

Authority by the 19th century theEnlightenment had given rise to a newgeneration of scientists who pushedChristianity into retreatDarwin removed the main argument forGod's existence if science continues to

Make discoveries that conflict withChristian doctrine I wonder will theScientific Revolution ultimately makeChristianity redundantwhat we now call science emerged aboutfour hundred years ago through the work

Of a group of European thinkers whodiscovered new ways of interpreting theworld they no longer relied on thedelivered Word of God the ScientificRevolution put individual curiosityinquiry reason and experiment above

Religious dogma to my mind science isquite simply the biggest challenge thatChristianity will ever have to faceI don't believe in God some scientistsmanaged to retain their faith but Ithink science is our only route to

Knowledge an idea that some people stillfind threatening nowadays we allrecognize the power of science we lookto science to explain the world to solveour problems but science also has itsenemies

I myself was subjected for 15 years to acampaign of hatred and terror fromanimal rights activists because of theresearch that I did perhaps it's becausescience necessarily challenges theOrthodox view of the day in order to

Make progress and often that orthodoxyis fundamentally religioustoday I'm professor of neuroscience hereat Oxford when the first colleges werefounded in the 12th century theChristian Church was planting the seeds

Of scienceOxford's been a seat of learning formore than 900 years just 30 years afterthe Norman invasion in 1066 scholarswere teaching hereOxford became a center for discussion

For debate for investigation all of itsponsored and encouraged by theChristian Church the motto of theUniversity says it all reallydominus Illuminati Oh mayor God is mylight believing that God had given

Humans the power of reason the churchchampioned the beginnings of scienceassuming it would confirm their faiththis is the old school's quadrangle wasbuilt in the early 17th century and itwas the focus of all the teaching of the

University is it's dominated by theDivinity School there's logicmetaphysics grammar and historythere's mathematics there's astronomyand here the school of naturalphilosophy natural philosophy was a 17th

Century word for science science beingnurtured in an ecclesiasticalenvironment as part of a religious andclassical education for hundreds ofyears Christians had looked to theleading experts on the natural world the

Ancient Greeks to explain God's creationin Christianity there is a centralnotion that God created the worldAristotle however probably the mostimportant of the Greek naturalphilosophers argue that the cosmos was

Eternal they thought that many Christianideas were rather sillyright from the start rational thinkersforced Christians to consider thepossibility that the biblicalexplanation of the world was wrong in

The 5th century the Christian theologianst Augustine came up with a solutionhe says the message we find in the Bibleis accommodated to human capacitieswhich is to say that the Bible speaks inlanguage that we can understand and this

Thing will account for some of thediscrepancies between what we find inGenesis and what we find in the thecurrent or contemporary sciencest Augustine laid down the rules forthe relationship between science and

Christianitythe church would accommodate sciencefindings as long as they didn't threatenits authorityfor the next thousand years Christianityremained firmly in control of all

Knowledge and helped generate the firstglorious period of the ScientificRevolution the Renaissance hard tobelieve but in about fifteen hundred andten one of the most significantdevelopments with RNA saans took place

Not in glorious Rome or in Venice or inFlorence but here in a sleepy littletown on the Baltic coast in Poland whileItaly was the center of Renaissance artand literature a local priest madePoland the focal point for science

Nicholas Copernicus came here in the mid16th century after studying in Italy andtook services at from Bach Cathedral buthe spent most of his time watching thesky and studying the movements ofplanets in this tower in the cathedral

Grounds Copernicus made an extraordinarydiscovery that led to science his firstmajor challenge to Christian belief soMargaret what was the standard dogma inastronomy at the time that Copernicusbegan to study astronomy no Barbara

Homophobics yet the earth was thought tobe surrounded by unchanging stars andChristians believed it was the center ofthe universe why they thought the Sunand the planets circled around asupposedly stationary earth is one for

Closure of a gooniebut in his study Copernicus wrote a bookthat argued against this Christian viewhe claimed that the earth was actuallyone of the planets orbiting the Sun opencanopy cells for Yugi or Copernicus

Finished his masterpiece in 1533 and heknew his ideas were revolutionaryOpelika Vineeta Gogia the Vaticanrealized that Copernicus hisspeculations contradicted the biblicalview that the earth is stationary at the

Center of the universe but it waswilling to tolerate his ideas for now CoCo Co da get skittish Vilna the CatholicChurch was a powerful institution howcould it be threatened by one personeven if his ideas were revolutionary

Saying let me bug on them Amazo dijo thePope was hoping that despite all hisresearch Copernicus's conclusions wouldbe proved wrong about that that's alsobe the issuethere's no doubt that here in from book

In the heart of the churchCopernicus planted a seed a seed oftension between religious authority andhuman inquiry which has grown over thefollowing five hundred years it wasothers who followed Copernicus who

Invented science to test his rooms whosuffered for championing his dangerousideaCopernicus's new theory soon pittedscience and christianity against eachother in the scientific revolutions

Darkest hour this was a true tragedybecause the church is made of humanbeings who don't want to admit they'rewrongyouas a scientist today I'm free to put

Forward any idea as long as I can backit up with evidence but in Italy 400years ago I would also needed theapproval of the Vaticanuntil the 16th century the papacytolerated scientific ideas that

Contradicted the Bible but by the late1500s the Protestant Reformation hademerged and was accusing the Catholicsof forsaking the true Word of Godin response the Vatican ruled thatanyone who contradicted Catholic

Doctrine was a hereticand so began Sciences darkness downjust a stone's throw from sant peter'sthis forbidding building is the papalpolice station it's the notoriousInquisition set up in the 16th century

To defend against heresyscholars who speculated about the natureof the world could find themselvesbranded heretics in the late 1500s oneof the most original thinkers was a mannamed Giordano Bruno while studying for

The priesthood Bruna became captivatedby Copernicus his theory that the Earthorbits the Sun is it fair to say thatreading Copernicus's book set the stageas it were for Bruno's own ideasit must have because the Copernicus in a

Way opens up a new world for knowledgeand Bruno says Copernicus stopped at thesphere of the fake stars and Bruno goespast the eighth ninth tenth and howevermany spheres you'd like to name hethought there were other Earth's he

Thought there might be creatures onthese other Earth's and that's one ofthe issues that gets him in trouble withthe church because if there are multipleearths how many earths is the Pope Popeof in 1600 the Inquisition had Bruno

Burnt at the stake he wasn't a realscientist but his death was a huge blowto the emerging scientific movementwould it be fair to say that whathappened in this Square the execution ofBruno had a very serious impact on

Italian science it's devastating I thinkfor both science and for the church oneit makes controversial ideas dangeroussecondly it makes publication ofcontroversial ideas dangerousI think Bruno's execution marked the

Beginning of a battle between faith andreason the dangers I faced for myscience came from a small group offanatics but during the Renaissance mostthreats to scientists had the backing ofthe mighty Catholic Church this is the

Inquisition handbook of torture 1643it's volume 1 actually you know theInquisition might not have inventedthese kinds of horrendous techniques butthey certainly adopted them with relishnot only to force confessions from those

Who are accused but quite frankly to putthe fear of God into everyone elsequestioning Catholic dogma could havefatal consequences in Italy fear of theInquisition forced scientistsunderground those brave enough to speak

Out were quickly silencedseems very likely that poor Brunel had acontraption like this clamped on hishead just before he was burnt at thestake it's an interesting device reallyit clamps around the neck like rat and

And this thing pushes down on the tongueto stop the victim proclaiming againstthe church at the moment of death andwhat is resting on is a papal whippingblock knowledge of things like this mustsurely have terrified people I mean the

Worst that a scientist could expectthese days is they get their paperrejected from the journal they send itto maybe their grant application getsturned down well in poor Bruno's daythis is what might have happened to you

In the 17th century the Catholic Churchstill insisted that the earth was thecenter of a universe that was only a fewthousand years oldbut today scientific evidence has forcedit to change its views

After a successful academic career guyConsolmagno became a Jesuit brother andis now one of the Vatican's officialastronomers so this is the meteorite laband this is where the working culture isyeah we think these things were made

Four and a half billion years ago in asolar nebula of gas and dust but whatturned the dust into a solid rock nobodyknows can just pick you up on one thingyou said just a throwaway remark aboutevents that were happening

Four-and-a-half billion years ago rightto say that doesn't raise the slightestconcerns in your mind the slightestdoubt you're totally aligned withcosmological estimates of the age of theuniverse absolutely of course the point

Of the Bible is not the science of theBible is not a science book I've writtenscience books the one thing you knowabout a science book is that it goes outof date after about three years Bible'sbeen around for 2,500 years for what it

Says it's not out of date well thoughbut it's not a science book is it theWord of God it is not the dictated Wordof God God whispering this into somescribes hand who's writing it down we'renot Muslims it's not the Koran it is a

Human interpretation of divineinspiration 400 years ago it was anotherastronomer who'd caught the Vatican'sattentionGalileo Galilei was one of the mostrespected scientists in Europe he helped

The Vatican set up its first observatoryin Rome and taught astronomy at thefinest universities in the Catholicworld in 1609 he even introduced thechurch to a new invention the telescopethe telescope of course was first really

Demonstrated to the world by Galileo asan astronomical telescope in January of1609 and one of the first things he didwas to bring it to the Jesuits at theRoman College and Galileo is fated as agreat conquering hero what the Vatican

Didn't realize was that Galileo's newobservations of the stars planets andtheir moons supported the hereticalviews of Copernicus they confirmed thatthe earth was not at the center of God'suniverse Galileo announced his

Controversial discoveries hoping thathis friend the Pope would protect himinstead he was tried for heresyby a vote of seven to three Galileo wasfound guilty he was shown theinstruments of torture he was a 69 year

Old man with severe arthritis and hedecided to confess he said I abjurecurse and detest my errorsGalileo arguably the first truescientist was condemned as a heretic itwas a disaster for science

The real tragedy of Galileo wasn't justthat he was put on trial for somethingthat was not a religious issue but thatthe church was so slow in accommodatingitself to the evidence as it piled upbecause the church is made of human

Beings who don't want to admit they'rewrong this was a true tragedythe real problem was that Galileo hadchanged the rules of the game he was thefirst astronomer to base his theories onevidence the church didn't like that one

Bit the Catholic Church sponsored andencouraged philosophers and thinkersincluding Galileo as long as what theydelivered was simply ideas but thenGalileo arguably the very firstscientist discovered a way through

Experiments of testing ideas and knowingwhether they were wrong when sciencestarted to produce facts not just ideasthe church just didn't know what to dothey fought against itwhile the Inquisition's iron grip was

Stifling science in Catholic Italy inProtestant Britain scholars were layingfoundations for the next phase of theScientific Revolution the beginning ofan explosion of knowledge in 1609 anEnglishman made his way to take up an

Appointment here at some Bartholomew'sHospital in lifehis name was William Harvey a physicianwho studied at Padua in Italy whereGalileo was a professor you can almostsee Harvey carrying the baton of science

From Italy yes the tradition of Galileoand so on across to to England yes andof course it was an extremely excitingtime for science in this country and wehave the birth of the Royal Society in1660 s it was a time really when people

Were were looking towards a new way ofthinking about the world and you can seeHarvey as a sort of a crucial figure atthe beginning of this movementthe church based its views of biology onthe writings of ancient philosophers and

The biblical teaching that man was madein God's image but Harvey'srevolutionary observations suggested thebody was made like a machine there wasthis concept that the parts of the bodydidn't necessarily actually have a

Function but they were simply therebecause that's the way that God haddesigned them and you know that was itthat was the end of the argument but oneof Harvey's genius moments was thediscovery and the demonstration that all

The parts of the vascular system playeda very important mechanical role he wasable to show that blood moved around intwo closed loops and of course this isthe fundamental basis of allcardiovascular physiology ever since

William harvey himself was still half amystic he wrote about the heart as theson of the microcosm as a household godthat serves the rest of the body but thetechniques that he brought back fromitaly of making observations drawing

Conclusions and then testing thoseconclusions with further observationsthat was certainly the beginning of thescientific method it helped to fuel theexplosion of science that happened inthis country in the 17th century giving

Those early scientists methods to allowthem to challenge the written wordwhether it was the words of Aristotle orthe words of Scripturein the 18th century a new movement sweptthrough the Western world thinkers such

As Isaac Newton and John Locke realizedthat the laws of the universe were thereto be discovered not read about in Bibleit was the age of enlightened democracyfreedom and science replaced religion atthe heart of society for me the person

Who epitomizes the Enlightenment is anAmerican Benjamin Franklin he was notonly a statesman but also a celebratedscientist who found a rationalexplanation for the wrath of Godthank you very much

In 1750 Franklin suggested thatlightning was just a form of electricityin a Georgian period churches werealways the tallest building around and alot of them had a lot of wood in them sothey when they were struck by lightning

They would just burn down and it'll beawful for your community not onlybecause your largest Civic building hadyou know burnt to the ground but alsobecause it would show that someone inyour community had done something pretty

Bad because God did it exactly exactlyso Franklin decided that he wouldprotect churches from this from theelectrical fluid so he went on todevelop the lightning rods so if I justshot this in I would ask you not to

Touch the table for reasons that willbecome apparent very quickly hmmchurches weren't always keen to havescience mix with religion and quite thislevel and they did see that it wasFranklin trying to circumvent God and

God's willFranklin did say that if you really wantto circumvent if you don't want tocircumvent God's wishes you shouldactually not have a roof on your churchbecause rain is also a natural

Phenomenon but obviously now allchurches have lightning rods on them sodoes work I imagine if God wishes topunish you can find it other waysFranklin was also the first scientist tohelp found a nation with a new form of

Governmenthis championing of scientificrationality inspired the first countrybuilt on Enlightenment principles but inmany ways Franklin was was really if notthe father of the United States

Certainly one of the principal thinkersbehind the secular state absolutely hewas one of the founding fathers he didnot want the organized church tickethave anything to do with the running ofa nation he thought it was a bad idea to

Have church estate combined andtherefore split it off so creating asecular state in AmericaBen Franklin was the son of a Puritanimmigrant he intended to go into thechurch himself but here in London at the

Age of 19 he first wrote his views aboutconventional religion rejecting theceremony the pomp the dogma for me BenFranklin really symbolizes theEnlightenment the age of reason and thefree thinking the openness the rejection

Of authority during that periodcontinued the process of undermining theauthority of the church it wasscientists brought up on these end likemovement principals who pushedChristianity into a retreat which

Continues to this dayDarwin removed the main argument forGod's existenceyouI think that Sciences biggest challengeto Christianity was Charles Darwin's

Theory of evolution in 1859 Darwinpublished on the Origin of Species whichsuggested that life on Earth was notdesigned by God but had evolved througha process called natural selection mycolleague Richard Dawkins has become the

Best-known critic of religion some wouldsay the Archbishop of atheism for himevolution is the best reason for notbelieving in God Richard I guess youcould say that after Copernicus andGalileo evolutionary theory was the

Second great challenge to conventionalreligious belief how did Darwin himselfdeal with ithe was well aware that it was a greatchallenge and he was appropriatelycautious before releasing it he delayed

For something like 20 years afterwriting it out and then some peoplethink the main reason for his delay wascaution because of the effect would haveon the religious establishmentChristians had always believed that

Human beings were made in God's imagebut Darwin's theory implied that we arein fact Apes Darwin removed the mainargument for God's existence becausebefore before Darwin it looked as thoughthe evident apparent design of living

Things could only be interpreted as asactual design some people seem to havecome to terms with evolution as they didwith Copernicanism by saying it's justan illumination of the wonders of GodI've had it remarkably unconvincing

Because the suggestion is that that Godin deciding to create life chose to doit in precisely the way that made itlook as though he wasn't there well youcould say that the difficulty wascreating the physics of the universe

With all its improbabilities in such away that it would allow evolution tooccur that's a much better way to lookat it I mean that's a that there's acertain amount of plausibility aboutthat I find it ultimately implausible

Because it suggests thatan intelligent creator would need aneven bigger explanation himself thiswonderful University Museum at Oxfordexudes Victorian confidence in thespecial power of human beings it was

Here in 1860 that Samuel Wilberforce theBishop of Oxford defended Christianityagainst the onslaught of thomas henryhuxley a great champion of Darwinthere's no doubt that Darwin's discoveryof a natural mechanism that could

Explain the origin of all life on earthincluding human beings without divineintervention was a serious challenge toconventional religious belief Christiansare still uncertain and divided abouthow to respond to evolution the

Overwhelming evidence for Darwin'stheory has led the mainstream churchesto concede that humans were notliterally made by God but they cling tothe idea that God made evolutionpossible this kind of accommodation has

Become a familiar pattern it's not amatter of overturning what we foughtbefore it's more a matter of saying thatwhat we were taught when you're sevenyears old is still true but there's somuch more going on that we couldn't

Possibly have handled when we were sevenyears old well I mean you seem to betalking about a kind of plasticine God aGod that pickins stretched and deform tofit any shape you want to informed byscience but stretched still to fit with

The changing image of the reality of theworld that science is giving us it's nomore plasticine than the universe isplasticine as our understanding of itshifts the plasticine is up here yes asI'm older my mind can stretch a little

Bit closer to the dimensions of the godthat was out there all the timemainstream Christianity has been soinfluenced by the enlightenment that itsviews are now totally different fromthose of 400 years ago but the beliefs

Of some Christians in the United Stateshave hardly changed at all a recent pollfound that almost 1/3 of Americans stillbelieve that the biblical story ofcreation is literally true it'sextraordinary to think of the word

Fundamentalism which we nowadaysassociate with extreme governmentsIslamic regimes actually originated herein the United States I'm gonna find outhow it could be that in this secularcountry built on the success of Science

And Technology those kinds offundamental views of Christianity couldstill survive this is Dayton Tennesseein the heart of the Bible Belt in 1925 astate law was passed that made theteaching of human evolution illegal a

Local teacher John Scopes was tried forbreaking this new law the Chicagodefense lawyer Clarence Darrow waspitted against William Jennings Bryan aformer presidential candidatethe trial took place in this courtroom

Now you have given considerable study tothe Bible how much mr Brian yes sir Ihave tried to you claimed it everythingin the Bible should be literallyinterpret I believe everything in theBible should be accepted as it is given

There how some was illustrative forexample ye are the salt of the earthI would not insist that man was actuallysalt or had flesh of salt but it is usedin this sense of salt to saving God'speople Scopes was found guilty young his

Trial marked the start of a battle overthe teaching of evolution but stillcontinues in some American states I amsimply trying to protect the Word of Godthe greatest atheist or agnostic in theUnited States professor Ron numbers who

Grew up near Dayton was born into afundamentalist Christian family myfather was a fundamentalist preacherhere the seventh-day Adventists were thepeople who gave the world young EarthCreationism

Young earth means what exactly well thatyou don't believe there was anythinghere more than about six thousand yearsearly fundamentalists were appalled bythe diluted form of Christianity thathad emerged from the Enlightenment it

Was the influence of Germany Germanscholarship and some English scholarshipespecially that scared the bejesus outof evangelicals in America they wouldsend over young scholars and they wouldcome back tainted with this they didn't

Believe in the virgin birth or theresurrection anymore they didn't believeMoses had written the first five booksof the Bible it was knowledge of sciencethat convinced Ron to abandon hisbeliefs he now lectures on every aspect

Of fundamentalism including thefundamentalist version of science almostto a person these fundamentalist professto love sciencethey love sight back in the 1920s at thetime of the Scopes trial here

The anti evolutionist argued againstevolution on the grounds that it didn'tdeserve the good name of science it wastoo speculative there wasn't enoughevidence and science was somethingwonderful in the 1970s American

Fundamentalists came up with their ownversion of science scientificcreationism creationists based theircore principles not on observationexperiment but on the Bible the CreationMuseum in Kentucky was set up in 2007 to

Give Christians a history of the naturalworld that fits with a literalinterpretation of the Bible amazing tothink really about one in 500 Americanshave already been to see this exhibitioneven in its first year could have a lot

Of influence on opinion the Lord Godsaidthe Bible states that God created theuniverse and all life on Earth in sixdaysso dinosaurs and the Garden of Eden

Scary if you take the Old Testamentliterally dinosaurs and humans must havelived at the same time it's amazingreally and we've got we've got humanbeingsfully clothed collecting carrots with

The friendly dinosaurs in the backgroundand it's a nice kind of Disneyland scenebut it really totally contradicts thethe fossil record one of the museum'sresident scientists Jason Lisle agreedto talk to me

I was curious to know how he reconcileshis faith in the biblical account ofcreation with contradictory scientificevidence this beautiful display has lotsof dinosaur figures in it and a lot ofthe implication of the creation story is

That dinosaurs and human beingscoexisted yes on the earth that's rightI don't know of any evidence for thatand know of a great deal of evidenceagainst it so why do you believe wellultimately it's because God has told us

In his word that God he made all of theland animals dinosaurs rule and animalscuz they walk on our legs they made onthey were made on the sixth day the sameday as Adam so they definitely lived atthe same but you're a scientist yes I am

You're an astrophysicist yes and you sayyou that's your position because you youbelieve it because you read itwhat about experiments what aboutevidence well I would say that you knowI believe in experimentation in fact I

Would expect that that would be possiblebecause God upholds the universe in theconsistent logical way and so I wouldexpect that science would be possiblebecause of my faith I'm what ifexperimentation and observation yielded

Evidence that appear to can contradictthe statements in the scriptures wellthat can always happen but since so youknow our mind isn't perfect and sinceour observations aren't always perfectif we find some experiment that seems to

On the surface disagree with the Word ofGod we go with the Word of God if you'resaying that when science contradicts thescripture is the scripture that you haveto turn towhat's really correct then why bother

With science well the Bible tells usthat we need to care for the earth Godgave us responsibility for this earth inorder to do that we have to know somethings about it and therefore I thinkthat the mandate for doing science is

Scriptural and so I might I mightchallenge my non-christian colleaguesand say what is your basis for doingscience I have a reason to do it I havea reason to expect that it that it canyield reliable results because I can

Tell you why I do science because I wantto find out how things workI want to reveal the the beauty of thenatural world fair enough fair enoughbut you know as a Christian I would saythe reason I can trust that the methods

Of science for the most part arereliable is because God has made my mindGod has made the universe I would expectthose two things would go well togetheracts a is a pretty weird place reallywhat I found really weird though was

That Jason who's an establishedscientist that's undeniable can holdsuch extreme views I mean he seemed tobe saying that science is fine as longas it generates results and findingsthat fit the views of the church and

When it doesn't they simply can't beright can they because they contradictfaith I really wonder whether thatreveals a fundamental contradictionbetween Christianity religion andscience it needn't necessarily be that

Way but it is a real difficulty I meanwhat is the point of doing science ifit's only right when it agrees with theBible today only a minority ofChristians take everything in the OldTestament as the literal truth

But for the New Testament it's adifferent story when it comes to thelife of Jesus Christ all bets are offthat was a unique moment in humanhistorythanks to the Scientific Revolution

Most Christians now accept that much ofthe old testament is metaphorical butscience has had little impact onChristian attitudes to the new test whenit comes to the life of Jesus Christ allbets are off that was a unique moment in

Human history where God is inserted intohis creation and we can't expect that toever occur again but you are statingthis as an assertion you as a scientistyou have no evidence I have no evidenceand I suspect you have a good reason to

Believe that there will never beevidence to disprove what you're sayinguntil we invent nice things it's easy tomake those kinds of assertions until wemay invent time machine so it's anassertion based on faith but it's also

Based on the evidence we have therecorded evidence of the people at thetime which you have dismissed as theevidence for all the other things thatthe churches have changed its views onlike creation in six days but the church

Never taught this as central to itsfaith this is not a core belief of thechurch this is not something that's inthe Creed that's different from the lifeand death and resurrection of JesusChrist

But science has led a few Christians toquestion even these fundamental tenetsof ChristianityI was brought up in Anglican and there'sa lot I still like about churches thehymns contemplation the sense of

Community I'm here to meet an Anglicanpriest David Patterson who belongs to agroup of Christians called the sea offaith many of them doubt the divinity ofJesus Christ and even whether God reallyexists so let's just be clear

I mean God didn't make literally makethe universe no and God didn't engineerthe the virgin birth of Jesus and Jesusperhaps didn't really exist as a personat all I think he probably did actuallyyes yes absolutely I think he did then

Kind of just explore that a little moreI mean what what then is God to you umwhat I fell in love with what I wantedto give my life to and its ingredientswere well a lot about the natural worldand a lot about making relationships

With people well I mean I empathize withall of those things but I've found thenecessity to see God reflected in thosethings the existence of life isextraordinary but for why any moreand is there any more really no there

Isn't any more there is actually nodifference between the theists and theAtheist it's only the terminology that'sdifferent some people have this thisdeep understanding of the spiritualnature of it of reality of everything

And they want to personify it and callit God or a God or a particular name ofGod or something some don't want to dothat David thinks that the Bible wasnever meant to be taken literallyall the religious stories are

Mythological stories we're asking did ithappen or where did it happen or whatthey did it happen is all completelyirrelevant it's actually all about thisbeing a story that helps you tounderstand what life is all about so

According to David all those fundamentaltenets of Christianity virgin birth theresurrection life after death didn'thappen at all it seems to me thatDavid's version of Christianity isvirtually atheism science provides the

Facts about the world religion gives usthe music and the pictures and tells usstories about human naturefor me it's science not religion thatprovides our best hope of understandingthe workings of our universe professor

Albert de Rock has dedicated his life toexploring the scientific equivalent ofGenesis the Big BangAlbert practices in this nondescriptearly 21st century Cathedral to sciencebeneath its foundations lies a crypt

Containing the most elaborate scientificinstrument ever constructed the projectcost over eight billion dollars and usesenough electricity to power a small citywe're actually now handed metersunderground

And in the main hall of the experimentand this is it this is CMShow extraordinary inside this particleaccelerator particles raced through acircular tunnel 27 kilometers long closeto the speed of light and smash together

Simulating conditions and millionth of asecond after the Big Bangone goal is to find evidence for theHiggs boson which some call the godparticle because it's thought to havetriggered the birth of the units in a

World where there would have been theHiggs field we wouldn't think this wewouldn't be there that is why it's likea god pocket it's like God's giving youknow not everything is equal anymore butyou have diversity and you can create

Their first base Albert has faith inthis machine's ability to find the Higgsboson but if it doesn't another theorywill emerge unlike religion science canchange its views if the evidence demandsit that's the power of science

And do we see anything in the processthat suggests the intervention by anintelligent being by a garden certainlyfrom the scientific point of view wedon't know personally I don't believethat there has to be such an agent at

Work but as a scientist as I said I workonly on data and so far that hypothesisfor me is not excluded so I keep it openbut it's not a working hypothesis comingover the last 400 years Christianity hasbeen transformed by the power of science

During the Renaissance the firstscientist showed that the evidence ofnature often contradicts the word of theBible in the 18th century it wasscientists who are at the forefront ofthe Enlightenment making reason not

Religious authority for driving force inhuman affairsand Darwin's theory of evolution hasdivided Christians on how to reconcilescience with their faith I believe thatscience will increasingly make religion

Redundant and will eventually provide uswith an understanding not only ofcreation but also of ourselvesI think that the historical record showsthat the power of science to explainwhat was previously mysterious is

Enormous personally I think that sciencewill one day give us not just a verysatisfactory description of our physicalworld of how we came to be here but evenof how it is that our brains give usthis need for religious belief if that

Happens when that happens what will beleft for Christianityyou

Related Videos

In the beginning God created the heavensand the earth and God said let there belight the gathering together of thewaters called he seas God created man inhis ow...
On a late November morning in the year1095 this man pope urban ii delivered asermon that would transform the historyof europe his rousing words transfixedthe cr...
It is the single largest religion in thehistory of the world for 2,000 yearsChristianity has dominated the heartsminds and self-image of Westerncivilization the...
In the last scenes of a very famousmovie The Lost Ark of the Covenant thebox that once held the Ten Commandmentsis created and abandoned in the basementof a war...
It was the archaeological find of alifetime the tomb of Caiaphas the highpriest of the Jewish people who theGospels state sent Jesus to the Romansto be crucifie...
Do all Christians think the samesuggested by we Connick probably not butlet's find out stick around till yenenjoy the episode you're like well Iwant to ...
Hi there my name is John Green this iscrash course world history and todaywe're gonna talk about Jesus so this isa Roman coin from around the time Jesuswas ...