Breast Cancer | Tumor Removal Surgery | Nucleus Health

by birtanpublished on September 8, 2020

you surgical removal of the tumor is part of the treatment for the majority of breast cancers there are a number of surgical options your doctor will help you decide which is best for your situation in

Addition to surgery on the breast it may be necessary to remove some or all of the lymph nodes under your arm there are two main surgical procedures for breast cancer the first is breast conserving surgery or lumpectomy which

Is always coupled with radiation treatment the second is mastectomy which is removal of the entire breast it may be combined with breast reconstruction surgery in both procedures it may be

Necessary to remove some lymph nodes a lumpectomy preserves the appearance of the breast the tumour along with a margin of surrounding normal breast tissue is removed in this procedure your surgeon will make an incision in the

Skin and remove the tumor with a margin of healthy tissue it will be sent to a pathologist for examination to make sure there is no cancer in the surrounding margin of tissue the wound will be

Closed with sutures in a mastectomy the entire breast is removed in a simple mastectomy only the breast tissue is removed your surgeon will begin by making an incision to remove an oval of skin including the

Nipple the breast tissue will be separated from the skin as well as the underlying muscle and removed for examination finally your surgeon will insert drains to prevent fluid collection a modified radical mastectomy

Is a procedure where your breast tissue is removed along with some or all of the lymph nodes under your arm a sentinel lymph node biopsy is typically performed in addition to a lumpectomy or a mastectomy it may be

Done if a clinical exam or imaging study shows no evidence that cancer has spread to the lymph nodes the purpose of the biopsy is to identify and check the first draining lymph nodes from the breast to make sure cancer hasn't spread

There to do this dye will be injected into your breast to determine which lymph nodes are the sentinel lymph nodes your surgeon will remove one two three sentinel lymph nodes for examination if these nodes have no cancer it is

Unlikely other lymph nodes have cancer if these lymph nodes have cancer the rest of the lymph nodes under your arm called axillary lymph nodes may also have cancer in this case a complete axillary lymph node dissection may be

Recommended to remove most of the nodes in this area an additional option in the case of a mastectomy is reconstruction of the removed breast breast reconstruction makes use of implants or tissue from

Other parts of the body such as the abdomen or buttocks to create a new breast in some cases the surgeon is able to also preserve the nipple the reconstruction can be performed right after a mastectomy known as immediate

Reconstruction or at a later date called delayed reconstruction if you are considering reconstructive surgery your doctor can help you decide what approach is best for your situation

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