Biology: Controlled Experiments

by birtanpublished on August 29, 2020

What is a controlled experiment and why would you want to do one maybe you have an idea that you think might explain a situation this is called a scientific hypothesis how could you find out if your hypothesis is correct well you'd set up a controlled

Experiment in which you control or keep constant all the factors known as variables except for the one you want to test let's design a controlled experiment to test a fertilizer which claims it makes plants grow bigger

Lusher and perhaps produce more flowers fruit or vegetables if you wanted to see if the fertilizer works how would you set up a controlled experiment to test this claim first you would get two plants of the same species let's call

Them plant a and plant B everything about the plants should be exactly the same including their size health and age next you would put each plant in identical pots with the same amount of the same kind of dirt or soil you would

Water them both the same amount at the same times you would also put the plants next to each other in the same place such as a windowsill so that they're both exposed to the same amount of sunlight and kept at the same

Temperature it's important that everything is the same because the purpose of your experiment is to find out whether or not the fertilizer works so what would be different in this experiment the only difference

Is that only plant a would get the fertilizer now remember your hypothesis is the plant a which is getting fertilizer will grow bigger compared to Plan B which isn't getting any fertilizer how would you know whether

Your hypothesis is correct you'd know because you'd regularly measure the plant during the course of the experiment for example once a week for a period of three months you would record these measurements throughout the

Experiment these measurements are your data at the end of the experiment you would look at your data and compare the measurements of plant a witch got fertilizer to plant B which didn't get fertilizer as you can see plant a did

Grow bigger than plant B so it appears that the results of this controlled experiment support your hypothesis so let's recap the elements of experimental design what were you testing you were testing to see whether or not fertilizer

Promotes plant growth what was your hypothesis the hypothesis was that the plant that got fertilizer would get bigger than the plant that didn't get fertilizer what were you measuring you measured the growth of both plants how

Do you know if the results of the experiment support your hypothesis well if your hypothesis is true you would have seen that the plant that got the fertilizer actually did get bigger than the plant that didn't get any fertilizer

The variable you were testing in this case the fertilizer is called the independent variable and the thing you were observing measuring and expecting to change because of that independent variable was plant growth in this

Experiment plant growth is the dependent variable we'll go over independent and dependent variables in more detail in another video

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