Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)

by birtanpublished on August 25, 2020

If you have benign prostatic hyperplasia or BPH your prostate gland is enlarged the prostate is a walnut-sized gland in men just beneath your bladder your prostate gland surrounds your urethra the tube through which urine and semen exit your body your seminal vesicles and

Prostate make fluid that combines with sperm cells to create semen during normal urination urine flows from your bladder through the part of your urethra inside your prostate then through the rest of your urethra

To leave your body for unknown reasons your prostate gland may enlarge as you get older if you have benign prostatic hyperplasia your prostate may grow large enough to narrow or block the part of your urethra

That runs through it as a result your enlarged prostate may slow or block the urine flow out of your body when you urinate the symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia include frequent urination

Or urge to urinate especially at night a weak or interrupted urine stream and straining to urinate over time untreated benign prostatic hyperplasia may cause the following complications inability to urinate

Damage to your bladder and kidneys bladder infections bladder stones and urine leakage called incontinence if you have benign prostatic hyperplasia with mild or no symptoms your doctor may recommend watchful waiting which

Includes getting your prostate checked every year to make sure your symptoms or health are not getting worse if you have moderate symptoms that bother you your doctor may recommend medication such as alpha blockers alpha

Blockers relax muscle tissue in the neck of your bladder and in the urethra to improve your urine flow 5-alpha reductase inhibitors may also improve urine flow over several months by reducing the size of your prostate

You may receive a combination therapy of both types of drugs if medication isn't relieving your symptoms your doctor may recommend a surgical procedure called trans urethral resection of the prostate or Terp during

This procedure your surgeon will insert an instrument called a cystoscope through your urethra to reach your prostate then a wire tool called a Receptus cope will be inserted through the cystoscope

To shave off tissue which will widen your urethra other minimally invasive variations on this type of procedure use lasers microwaves radio waves or electrical energy from tools inserted through the cystoscope to remove some or

All of your prostate gland if your prostate is very large your doctor may recommend an open prostatectomy procedure in open prostatectomy your surgeon will make an incision in your lower abdomen

After exposing your prostate your surgeon will make an incision in its outer capsule next the tissue inside your prostate will be removed and the capsule incision will be closed

With sutures finally your skin incision will be closed with sutures or staples you can't prevent benign prostatic hyperplasia but the following lifestyle changes can make your symptoms less

Severe avoid medication that can make it harder for you to urinate such as antihistamines and decongestants stop drinking fluids for a few hours before bedtime avoid drinking alcohol or fluids that contain caffeine try to empty your

Bladder by double voiding to double void urinate wait a few minutes and then try to urinate again

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